Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (24):
Reduction with physical activity
Colon cancer and mortality after diagnosis
What does dietary fibre reduce the risk of?
What are the two types of dietary fibres?
Soluble and insoluble
Give examples of soluble fibre
Beans, lentils, fruits and oats
Give examples of insoluble fibre
Wholegrain products, vegetable, beans, lentils
Why is dietary fibre protective?
Bulky so reduces transit time
Fermentation process produces short chain fatty acids which is an energy source for colonic cells
GI diseases that fibre reduces risk of
Peptic ulcer disease
Why are whole grains beneficial?
Guidlines for wholegrain servings?
3 16g servings per day
What are the benefits of red meat?
Protein, iron, zinc, vit B and A
What are the risks of eating red meat?
Source of saturated fat
Forms carcinogens when cooked at high temps
High harm iron content to produce free readicals
How much red meat should be consumed within a day
What are the guidelines for red and processed meat?
<500g red meat a week (limit processed to as little as possible)
What does salt do to the lining of the stomach?
Irritates causing inflammation and increases growth and action of H. pylori
The 5 A's of behavioural change
Weight (kg)/ Height (m) squared
Where is the neural centre responsible for body weight?
Feeling of fullness
Period between meals where no food is consumed
State of being obese
Ghrelin - increase before meals and decrease after
Central apetite controllers
Glutamate, GAba and opioids