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Flashcards in History Deck (48):
1

War of 1812

1. america vs. britain
2. jefferson captured the 1st prize
3. Surveyor captured by the Narcisis
4. Eagle ran ashore flag knocked down and replaced 3 times

2

Mexican American War

1. May 13 1846
2. first time steamboats were used in war
3. cutters Ewing and Legare delivered rifles to troops before the battles
of monterey and buena vista

3

Civil War

1. 1861-1865
2. harriet lane fired first shots
3. harriet lane went to fort sumter in 1861 to patrol coast for commers
raiders and provide support for troops ashore
4. during the civil war cutters performed blockades along the atlantic
coast Chesapeake bay and potomac river

4

Spanish American War

1. spain declared war april 24, 1898
2. 8 cutters carrying 43 guns performed blockades off cubas coast
3. cutter McCulloch fought in battle of manilla bay
4. 11 cutters served under the armys tactical control
5. may 11 1898 cutter hudson rescued USS Winslow while under
intense enemy fire
6. peace treaty signed dec 10 1898

5

WWI

1. germans sank 3 american vessels, u.s declared war april 2 1917
2. entire cg transferred to navy april 1917
3. aug and sept 1917 6 cutters Ossippee, Seneca, Yamacraw, Algonquin, Manning, and Tampa deployed to Gibraltar and constituted
squadron 2 of division 6
4. sep 26, 1918- german sub sank cutter tampa of 115 crew, 111 were
coasties. tampa served as an escort to 18 convoys, compromising
350 vessels. only 2 ships were lost through enemy action
5. WWI ended in1918 and cg had highest % of death in any u.s service

6

WWII

1. June 22, 1940- port security began
2. 1941- 10 cg cutters transferred to great britain on lend lease prog-
ram
3. march 1941- cg seized 28 italian, 2 german, and 35 danish merchant
ships
4. dangerous cargo act gave cg power over ships carrying explosives
and dangerous cargo
5. april 9 1941- cold weather ops in greenland
6. sep 12 1941- cg made first naval capture of war, northland found 3
german radiomen from boske

7

WWII continued

1. nov 1, 1941- cg joined navy
2. Icarus captured sub using depth charges
3. 1943- campbell sank sub by ramming it
4. 1943- spencer tracked sub through convoy so well it became part of
antisubmarine force policy
5. cg manned ships sank 11 enemy subs and 01 cg A/C sank sub
6. cutter and a/c sank 12 german u boats

8

WWII part 3

1. cg manned over 350 ships and hundreds more amphibious vehicles
2. Douglas Munro-sep 27 1942- only MOH coastie guadalcanal near
matanikau river
3. cg saved more tha 1500 torpedo survivors off u.s. coast and cutters
saved another 1000 another on escort duty over 1500 were rescued
during normandy operation
4. cg manned 802 cutter, 351 naval ships and craft, 288 army vessels
5. 2000 coasties died in war
6. almost all 2000 decorated-1 MOH, 6 Navy crosses, 1 DFC
7. cg returned to DOT jan 1 1946

9

Korean War

1. 1946-cg was sent to train south korean cg
2. transferred 19 ships from japanese and american navies

10

Vietnam

1. 1965- 26 82ft cutters deployed to vietnam for operation market time
painted grey
2. 1966- first ocean going cutters augmented navy and cg already in
vietnam
3. 8000 coasties and 56 cutters served

11

Desert Shield/Storm

1. 1990-1991
2. aug 22, 1990- 950 cg reservists were called on for the first time ever
3. jan 17 1991- desert shield became desert storm
4. cg ledet cleared 11 iraqi oil platforms and took 23 prisoners
5. feb 28 1991- united nations called cease fire

12

War on Terrorism

1. nov 5 2001- 6 u.s. navy cyclone class patrol warships assigned to
operation noble eagle. first time navy ships were employed jointly
under cg command
2. mar 2002- operation liberty shield, increased patrols 50%, put on
armed boarding officer on every high interest vessel moving in and
out of american ports
3. operation enduring freedom- 8 110's and 4 PSU'S 1300 people
deployed
4. operation iraqi freedom- 1250 cg personnel deployed including 500
reservists

13

Quasi War

1. may 28, 1798 america v france
2. revenue cutter service operated 8 cutters along southern coast in
the caribbean sea and the west indies
3. captured 18 prizes and assisted in the capture of 2 hours
4. Pickering captured 10 prizes, one of which had 44 guns and 200 me
3 times her size
5. Eagle recaptured 2 vessels: the nancy and mehitable in 1799 against
privateer revenge Revenge

14

What year was the federal life saving service formed

1848

15

What are lighthouse keepers called

wreck masters

16

Between the years of 1848-1870 what % of people aboard vessels wrecked within a lifesaving station survived

90%

17

In what year did john maxon and crew save 201 of 202 off ayrshire

1850

18

In 1871 life saving service was rebuilt under whom

Sumner L. kimball

19

What year was the last cutter stationed mid ocean decommissioned

1977

20

What date and how many lives were saved as the most in cg history

nov 24 1995

dauntless

21

What year did the cg sorty 57,697 times and save 3,400 lives

2000

22

What year did the cg start to protect environment when rcs protected timber reserve

1822

23

RCS was given authority to protect alaskan game laws

may 11, 1908

24

Created a 200 mile offshore fishing zone to be controlled by u.s

fishery conservation and management act of 1976

25

CGC Basswood
CGC Chase

Catch vessel after 1700 mile chase with 120 tons of albacore swordfish and shark fin

26

IN june 1998 who stopped largest high seas drif net fishing in cg history

CGC boutwell, jarvis, and polar sea

27

What is the cg's framework for marine environmental protection program

federal water pollution control act 1972

28

Father of the cg

alexander hamilton

leased 10 cutters in 1790

29

Who made the first recorded narcotics seizure

aug 31 1890-CGC Wolcott

30

What and when was the cg's largest maritime seizure of cocaine

april 28, 2001
26,931 lbs

31

How many lives lost from the titantic

1500 on april 15 1912

32

When was RCS tasked with maintaining international ice patrol

feb 7, 1914

33

When were all lighthouse federalized

aug 7, 1789

34

Who invented the lighthouse lamp

Augstin Fresnel french physicist

35

Ida Lewis

38 years at limerock lighthouse with 18 lives saved

36

Abbie Burgess

38 years at Matinicus Rock and White Head light stations in maine

37

Who is the only man to be awarded medal of honor and gold life saving medal

Marcus hannah at cape elizabeth light

38

Who wrote the cg service song Yamacraw in savannah ga in 1922

Captain Francis Saltus, wrte lyrics 5 years later

39

Motto came on ensign

1910

40

What year was the auxiliary created

1939

41

Aux assist in making sure _____ boats operate americas waterways safely

14 million

42

CG is military multi ____ and _____ service

mission
maritime

43

What title of the u.s code cites the cg is a military service

title 14

44

Oct 3 1995 cg was given what 5 specific national defense missions

1. maritime interception operations
2. military environmental response operations
3. port operations, security and defense
4. peacetime military engagements
5. coastal sea control operations

45

CG reserve and aux act

feb 19 1941

46

When was the spars womens reserve branch enacted

nov 23 1942

47

of the 214,000 personnel that served in WWII ____% were reservists

92%

48

Who won cg medal

Charles w Sexton