History and Exam Flashcards Preview

Haematology > History and Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in History and Exam Deck (22):
1

what are ecchymoses

raised spontaneous bruises

2

what are petechiae

small pin sized capillary haemorrhages

3

what can smoking lead to

polycythaemia

4

in the face-lemon tint

megaloblastic anaemia

5

in the face- jaundice

haemolytic anaemia

6

in the face- plethora

polycythaemia

7

ulcers in the mouth

neutropenia

8

what is it important to examine in haemophilia patient

joints

9

glossitis

megaloblastic/ iron def anaemia

10

angular stomatitis

iron def anaemia

11

what do the nodes feel like in carcinoma

stony hard

12

what do the nodes feel like in lymphoma

rubbery

13

causes of slight splenomegaly and how does it measure below costal margin

0-4cm. infection

14

causes of moderate splenomegaly and how does it measure below costal margin

4-8cm. haemolytic anaemia, infectious mononucleosis, portal hypertension

15

causes of severe splenomegaly and how does it measure below costal margin

>8cm. myelofibrosis, CML, PCV, lymphoma, malaria

16

difference between myeloproliferative and myelodysplastic

myeloproliferative- hypercellular BM, full peripheral blood, looks normal. myelodysplastic syndromes- looks abnormal

17

what is the bone marrow like in aplastic anaemia

hypocellular

18

what does increased blasts on bone marrows tell you

acute leukaemia

19

what do the cells look like in myeloid and lymphoid

myeloid- granules, lymphoid- no granules

20

what are auer rods and when are they found

coalesced granules- AML

21

when are target cells seen

sickle cell, thalassaemia, liver disease

22

what is feltys

RA, decr WCC, splenomegaly