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Flashcards in History & Art Deck (57)
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1

When did the Black Death strike Europe?

Plague of Justinian 542-546
1347-1351

2

When was the fall of Constantinople?

May 29, 1453

3

When did the Protestant Reformation begin?

Martin Luther publishes 95 Theses in 1517
Edict of Worms in 1521 denounced Luther as a heretic

4

When was the Magna Carta signed?

June 15, 1215

5

When did Homo sapiens leave Africa?

About 60,000 years ago

6

What is Mannerism, and when did it happen?

Mannerism started in the 1520 as a reaction to the perfect symmetry and idealism of the high renaissance with exaggeration. Followed by Baroque, which was even more stylized

7

What is Baroque, and when did it happen?

Baroque followed Mannerism in the 1600s with even more stylized art

8

What western art style followed Mannerism?

Baroque Art

9

What western art style followed Baroque?

Rococo

10

When did Realism art begin and why?

19th century bringing in scenes of every day people reacting to inaccessible topics

11

What is Impressionism, and why?

Late 19th century reaction to realism using complementary dots instead of outlines as a reaction to Realism. Done quickly and often outdoors

12

What are the major phases of Roman History?

Founded in 800BC, Republic in 300BC, Empire in 50BC, split up in 300AD by Diocletian

13

When was the High Renaissance, and what drove it?

~1500 with Leonardo and Michelangelo rediscovering classical balance

14

When was the Baroque Music period?

~1600-1750

15

Who are famous Baroque composers?

Bach 1685-1750
Vivaldi 1678-1741
Handel 1685-1759

16

When was the Classical Music period?

~1730-1820

17

Who are famous Classical composers?

Haydn 1732-1809
Mozart 1756-1791
Schubert 1797-1828
Beethoven 1770-1827

18

When was the Romanic Music period?

~1830-1900

19

Who are famous Romantic composers?

Schumann 1810-1856
Chopin 1810-1849
Liszt 1812-1886
Wagner 1813-1883
Brahms 1833-1897
Tchaikovsky 1840-1893
Mahler 1860-1911
Rachmaninov 1873-1943

20

When and how did WW2 begin in Europe?

1939 Germany invaded Poland and phone war follows

21

What is the Phoney War?

8 months following declaration of war on Germany by UK and France with little fighting?

22

When and how did Germany attack France in WW2?

1940 invade through the Ardennes forest and cut off the British Expeditionary Force. The forest was considered impassable but got between the Schliffen Plan of the lower countries and the Maginot Line

23

When and what happened to the British forces when Germany attacked France?

Summer 1940 British expeditionary force cut off and evacuates at Dunkirk

24

When and what happened during the Battle of Britain in WW2? How did it end?

After Dunkirk, the British expected an invasion, but it never came. Hitler believed that Britain was broken, and also didn't have naval/air power. He saw communism as a great threat to fascism and instead attacked Russia in 1941.

25

When were the D-Day landings in WW2?

June 1944

26

When and what was the Battle of the Bulge?

December 1944, Germany launched a counterattack after D-Day to get around the Allied armies and force a peace treaty

27

When did the European theater of WW2 end?

May 1945

28

When was the Pearl Harbor attack?

December 7, 1941

29

When and what was the turning point in the Pacific Theater of WW2?

June 1942, Battle of Midway. Nimitz's codebreakers learned the Japanese strategy and sank 4 aircraft carriers out of eyesight

30

When and how did the US establish air presence in the Pacific Theater of WW2?

Late 1942: Guadalcanal. Marines take and hold an airfield