Flashcards in History & Art Deck (57)
When did the Black Death strike Europe?
Plague of Justinian 542-546
When was the fall of Constantinople?
May 29, 1453
When did the Protestant Reformation begin?
Martin Luther publishes 95 Theses in 1517
Edict of Worms in 1521 denounced Luther as a heretic
When was the Magna Carta signed?
June 15, 1215
When did Homo sapiens leave Africa?
About 60,000 years ago
What is Mannerism, and when did it happen?
Mannerism started in the 1520 as a reaction to the perfect symmetry and idealism of the high renaissance with exaggeration. Followed by Baroque, which was even more stylized
What is Baroque, and when did it happen?
Baroque followed Mannerism in the 1600s with even more stylized art
What western art style followed Mannerism?
What western art style followed Baroque?
When did Realism art begin and why?
19th century bringing in scenes of every day people reacting to inaccessible topics
What is Impressionism, and why?
Late 19th century reaction to realism using complementary dots instead of outlines as a reaction to Realism. Done quickly and often outdoors
What are the major phases of Roman History?
Founded in 800BC, Republic in 300BC, Empire in 50BC, split up in 300AD by Diocletian
When was the High Renaissance, and what drove it?
~1500 with Leonardo and Michelangelo rediscovering classical balance
When was the Baroque Music period?
Who are famous Baroque composers?
When was the Classical Music period?
Who are famous Classical composers?
When was the Romanic Music period?
Who are famous Romantic composers?
When and how did WW2 begin in Europe?
1939 Germany invaded Poland and phone war follows
What is the Phoney War?
8 months following declaration of war on Germany by UK and France with little fighting?
When and how did Germany attack France in WW2?
1940 invade through the Ardennes forest and cut off the British Expeditionary Force. The forest was considered impassable but got between the Schliffen Plan of the lower countries and the Maginot Line
When and what happened to the British forces when Germany attacked France?
Summer 1940 British expeditionary force cut off and evacuates at Dunkirk
When and what happened during the Battle of Britain in WW2? How did it end?
After Dunkirk, the British expected an invasion, but it never came. Hitler believed that Britain was broken, and also didn't have naval/air power. He saw communism as a great threat to fascism and instead attacked Russia in 1941.
When were the D-Day landings in WW2?
When and what was the Battle of the Bulge?
December 1944, Germany launched a counterattack after D-Day to get around the Allied armies and force a peace treaty
When did the European theater of WW2 end?
When was the Pearl Harbor attack?
December 7, 1941
When and what was the turning point in the Pacific Theater of WW2?
June 1942, Battle of Midway. Nimitz's codebreakers learned the Japanese strategy and sank 4 aircraft carriers out of eyesight