History Final spring 2017 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in History Final spring 2017 Deck (49)
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1

Jesus

He used parables to teach. He used miracles to show that He is God. Death/burial/resurrection. 40 days of ministry after the resurrection.

2

Pentecost

When the holy spirit is left when Jesus went up to Heaven. It allowed for the the Christians to speak in tongues all over the world so others could understand the message of Jesus Christ.

3

Paul

Used to kill Christians. He was then converted and became a disciple. Goes on missionary journeys and then is persecuted. Stoned/beaten/killed. He was a Roman citizen. Used Roman roads to easily get around.

4

Martyr

Someone who dies for their faith

5

Constantine

Battle of Milvian bridge: Dreams about the symbol that is called the Chyro and if he puts it on the shield they will win. He built a second capitol in Constantinople. Built Haggai Sophia. He gathered a bunch of Bishops and created a standard statement of Christianity called the Nicene Creed. Also created the Edict of Milan which legalized Christianity.

6

Edict of Milan

Made Christianity legal

7

Original Sin

Sin from Adam and Eve that is passed down from every generation.

8

St. Augustine

Bishop of Hippo. Wrote two books: Confessions and City of God. Created Just War: You had to go war for the right reason. You had to follow the rules.

9

Fall of Rome

The Emperor Theodosius dies and Rome spits in two. The west was larger. The east was smaller. West was difficult to defend. Had less production. More expenses. Hired barbarians to defend the West. East was smaller. Had more protection and production. More people. Rome fell in 476 A.D.

10

Byzantine Empire

The Eastern half of the Roman Empire. Same issues as the western half but dealt with it better. Threatened by barbarians but beat them.

11

Hippodrome

Horse racing stadium.

12

Justinian

Emperor of the Byzantine Empire. Justinian's Code: body of Civil laws. Nika Revolt: blue and green teams threatened Justinian. Lures them into Hippodrome and kills them.

13

Muhammad

The creator of Islam. The first caliph and last prophet. Wrote the Quran

14

Five Pillars of Islam

Shahada - To publicly state your faith in Islam

Salat - Praying 5 times a day

Hajj - The Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca that they must make at least once in their life.

Sawm - Fasting during the time of Ramadan during the day and feasting at night

Zakat - giving money to the poor under Islamic law for charitable and religious purposes

15

Kaaba

A square stone building in the middle of the great mosque in Mecca. They must always face it when they pray from anywhere in the world.

16

Islamic Art and Architecture

It is disrespectful to draw portraits of Muhammad or Allah. The architecture is not specifically of a religion, or of a time, or of a place, or of a single medium like painting.

17

Sunni-shia split

The Sunni and Shia disagreed on who should be the next Caliph after Muhammads death. They split because of disagreements and fight to this day.

18

Caliph

Leader of the Islamic religion and has full religious and militaristic power.

19

Tithe

A religious donation

20

Charles Martel

The defender of Christianity, grandfather of Charlemagne, father to Pepin the short. Stopped the Muslim advance into Europe in the Battle of Tours.

21

Charlemagne

Father of Europe, "Charles the Great"

22

Carolingian Renaissance

Dynasty that ruled parts of Europe. Charles Martel, Pepin the short,

23

Feudalism

System of reciprocal political relationships. It starts out with the (Peasants, Serfs) then (Merchants, Farmers, Craftsmen) then (Knights, Vassals) then (Nobles) and (Pope, Church, Monarch)

24

Rule of St. Benedict

A religious rule book to give a standard on how to live as a monk on a daily basis.

25

St. Patrick

St. Patrick was a slave in Ireland. Escaped slavery. becomes priest and bishop. 1st missionary to barbarians beyond roman world.

26

Monasticism

a religious way of life in which one renounces worldly pursuits to devote oneself fully to spiritual work

27

Divine Office

Work of God

28

Chivalry

The Medieval knightly system with its religious, moral, and social code.

29

St. Francis

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30

Battle of Hastings

William the conquerer defeated the anglo saxons and killed king Henry II. Leaving the way open for the Norman conquest of England.