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Flashcards in Unit 8 Medieval Deck (16)
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1

Define Middle Ages

The period between the Fall of Rome and the start of the Italian Renaissance.

2

Synonyms for the Middle Ages

The Dark Ages, and Medieval Times

3

Characteristics for the Middle Ages

The fall of centralized government and the rise of Christianity as an institution.

4

Four church fathers

Ambrose, Jerome, Augustine, Gregory the Great

5

Clovis

First Frankish King, founder of Merovingian Dynasty, Converted to Christianity because of his wife, and started tradition of dividing up land to sons

6

Carolingians

Dynasty that ruled parts of Europe

7

Charles “the Hammer” Martel

The defender of Christianity, grandfather of Charlemagne, father to Pepin the short

8

Battle of Tours

Stopped the Muslim advance into Europe

9

Pepin the Short

He is the son of Charles Martel, first of the dynasty to be a king

10

Charlemagne

Father of Europe, "Charles the Great"

11

Ministerial kingship

Responsible for the government and the churches

12

Pope Leo III, 800 AD

Crowns Charlemagne in 800 AD, Emperor

13

Missi Dominci

Inspectors appointed to oversee how Counts used authority

14

Organization

Organized Empire into 350 Counties

15

Jerome

Wrote the Latin Vulgate Bible

16

Gregory the Great

Created Gregorian Chant, Sent missionary to England