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Flashcards in Unit 10 The Renaissance Deck (36)
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1

Causes of the Renaissance

Shift from focusing on God to Humanism (Center focus is man)

2

Petrarch

He was a scholar and the father of humanism

3

Humanism

System of thought with man at the center - what it means to be human

4

Characteristics of Renaissance Art

Realistic, Emotion, Natural, Blending classical w biblical, Balance and proportion

5

Techniques of Renaissance Art - Linear perspective

3D/ depth of field

6

Techniques of Renaissance Art - Sfumato

Smokey look

7

Techniques of Renaissance Art - Chiaroscruro

Light/Dark

8

Techniques of Renaissance Art - Cangiante

Color change

9

Gothic (Medieval) art/worldviews

2D, lack emotion, a lot of gold, little detail, unrealistic

10

The Medici - who were they

Family of powerful bankers in Florence, Rule behind the scenes

11

The Medici - source of power

Pope appointed them to control the banks ($$Money)

12

The Medici - Giovanni

He connected with the Pope and used interest on loans.

13

The Medici - Cosimo

"Father of the country" Built Palazzo Medici, Funded fishing Duomo, held power without holding an office or a title.

14

The Medici - Piero "The Gouty"

Died from Gout disease on his foot

15

The Medici - Lorenzo "The Magnificent"

Focused on arts not banking, Pazzi conspiracy, escaped and started rebellion against Pope.

16

The Medici - Pazzi Conspiracy

Pope sets out to end Medici families power by killing Giovanni and Lorenzo on Easter. His assassins only kill Giovanni and Lorenzo escapes starting a riot against the Pope.

17

The Medici - Savonarola

A religious friar(a priest) Hates Medici, gets majority to kick the Medici family out. He says the Pope is going to hell so they take him and kill him.

18

The Medici - Piero "The Unfortunate"

Piero lets french invade and is kicked out with the Medici, spends rest of life outside drunk

19

The Medici - Giovanni (Leo X)

Works for Julius II, leads army into Florence, becomes Pope Leo X, sells indulgences

20

Machiavelli - Political views

Better to be feared than to be loved, Athiest, sees Christians as weak, Machiavellian=cruel

21

Machiavelli - The Prince

Book or Manuel on how to gain political power and how to hold onto it.

22

Michelangelo - Pieta

A staue that shows young Mary holding Jesus

23

Michelangelo - David

Marble statue of David located in Florence facing Rome. His hand is large or out of proportion because he has the hand of God.

24

Michelangelo - Sistine Chapel Ceiling

A painting in the Sistine Chapel that shows creation, Adam and Eve, and Noah and his ark

25

Michelangelo - The Last Judgement

At the end of the Sistine Chapel shows the return of Christ with people being sent to heaven and hell.

26

Donatello - David

bronze statue that was the 1st freestanding nude statue since antiquity. known for feminine quality

27

Da Vinci - Last supper

Portrays the reactions of the 12 disciples when Jesus said who will betray him. It is symbolic. 3 = Trinity

28

Da Vinci - Mona Lisa

It is a famous painting in the Louvre Museum, Paris because It was:
1. Stolen in early 1900's by a Frenchman
2. 3/4 pose was a revolutionary change in portraits
3. It had the first Sfumato (Hazy background)
4. It had an imaginary background

29

Da Vinci - inventions

Da Vinci invented things like Hang gliders and Tanks well before its time. He liked to draw out his ideas. He drew out plans for helicopters, hang gliders, and even hot air balloons.

30

Da Vinci - "Renaissance Man"

Describes a well-rounded individual. Someone who knows science, math, Anatomy, and engineering. (like Da Vinci)