Unit 9 Late Middle Ages Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 9 Late Middle Ages Deck (44)
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1

Reform from within - 7 sacraments

Baptism
Eucharist - communion
Penace/reconciliation
Confirmation -
Marriage
Holy Orders
Anointing of the sick/last rites

2

Reform from within - Church organization

Pope
Cardinals
Archbishops
Bishops
Priests

3

Reform from within - Simony

Paying your way in to a high church position

4

Reform from within - Clunaic reform

Cluny's reform re-instituted the rule of St. Benedict

5

Reform from within - Cistercians

monks that are apart of the Cistercian's order that had a reputation for austerity

6

Reform from within - Mendicants

People who did not believe in personal belongings or community

7

Reform from within - Dominicans

They fought against people with wrong beliefs and emphasized theological training.

8

Reform from within - St Francis

Saint Francis converts after leper experience. Known as the little poor man. Received stigmata while praying(Blood comes out). He receive the words "repair my house" from God.

9

Franciscans -

Franciscans were beggars also known as mendicants. Started by Saint Francis

10

1st Crusade - Pope Urban II

Pope Urban II gets called to Clermont, france to help emperor Alexius from the Byzantine Empire

11

1st Crusade - Alexius

Byzantine Emperor Alexius calls for help to go against the Muslims

12

1st Crusade - Causes

The causes were to get wealth and women, Salvation from God, Forgive debt, Gain land, and to have an adventure

13

1st Crusade - Peasant’s Crusade

Peter the Hermit leads the peasants crusade. He kills Jews for Supplies and eventually failed.

14

1st Crusade - Jerusalem

When the crusaders arrive to Jerusalem there were different Muslims ruling it. These Muslims were nice and friendly towards Christians. A man had a bad stomach and while he was using the restrooms he found where the Muslims hid the trees. They build siege towers and slaughter Muslims. Christians win.

15

3rd Crusade - Causes

Trying to take back Jerusalem again. Wanted control of land for more power and money. Moral Cesspool.

16

3rd Crusade - Saladin

The great Saladin also known as the "Son of the Devil" led the Muslims and they fought against Richard the Lionheart.

17

3rd Crusade - Richard the Lionheart

Lionheart was an English king and put all of his efforts towards the crusade.

18

3rd Crusade - Significance of the Crusades

The Crusade changed history in a big way bay creating religious tensions between Christians and Muslims. It weakens the Byzantine Empire and closed contact with middle eastern culture.

19

1066 - Battle of Hastings

Normans invade and conquer English

20

1066 - William & Harold

Anglo Saxons (English) vs Normans (France) Harold vs William the conqueror. William wins.

21

1066 - Effects of the invasion

Elite replacement. English emigrate. Government centralize. Creates a treasurer. French and English contact their Language.

22

Magna Carta - King John

King John was a cruel, ignorant, and unpopular king. he rose taxes and took money for wars that he never won

23

Magna Carta - Principles established-be able to distinguish

The nobles created a Great Charter or the Magna Carta to limit the kings power and protect thier rights

24

Dante’s Divine Comedy - Beatrice and Virgil

Beatrice was Dante's love interest who died two years before he wrote his divine comedy and he wrote her into the story as one of his guides through the 3 parts. His other Guide that he wrote in the story was a famous Roman poet, Virgil.

25

Dante’s Divine Comedy - Themes

Religious theme of Heaven and Hell. Allegory story of souls journey toward God. Recognition and rejection of sin.

26

Dante’s Divine Comedy - Major stages

Inferno - deepest parts of Hell
Purgatory - in between Heaven and Hell. Waiting place
Paradiso - Heaven

27

Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales - Purpose

Written as a collection of stories by travelers to pass time.

28

Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales - Pardoner's Tale

Its about three drunk men trying to find death and kill it.

29

Black Death - Causes

Caused by bacteria carried by fleas on rats. Its was spreading so quick because of a mini ice age which caused weak immune systems

30

Black Death - Effects

Hate towards church. Flagellants whipped themselves to atone for sin. Increased peasants wages. Jewish punished and persecuted for being blamed for causing Black Death. Questioning of Medicine. Overall depressed view on the world.