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Flashcards in History of Abnormality Deck (16):
1

What two major findings did Hippocrates propose?

1. Behaviour is markedly affected by bodily function
2. Abnormal behaviour caused by chemical imbalance

2

Define psychogenesis

the psychological cause to which a mental illness or behavioural disturbance may be attributed (as distinct from a physical cause)

3

Define germ theory of disease

the currently accepted scientific theory of disease. It states that many diseases are caused by microorganisms. These small organisms, too small to see without magnification, invade humans, animals, and other living hosts

4

Define phenotype

the set of observable characteristics of an individual resulting from the interaction of its genotype with the environment

5

Define asylum

an institution for the maintenance and care of the mentally ill, orphans, or other persons requiring specialized assistance

6

Define stigma

a mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person

7

Define genotype

the genetic constitution of an individual organism

8

Who proposed the "germ theory of disease"?

Louis Pasteur

9

Define eugenics

the science of improving a population by controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics

10

Define trephination

a surgical intervention in which a hole is drilled or scraped into the human skull, exposing the dura mater to treat health problems related to intracranial diseases or release pressured blood buildup from an injury

11

Define chemical imbalance theory

a theory that states that mental illnesses are the result of the relative lack of certain neurotransmitters

12

Define epigentics

the study of changes in organisms caused by modification of gene expression rather than alteration of the genetic code itself

13

Define frontal lobotomy

a form of psychosurgery, a neurosurgical treatment of a mental disorder that involves severing connections in the brain's prefrontal cortex

14

Define abnormality

the concept of abnormality is imprecise and difficult to define. There are several different ways in which it is possible to define ‘abnormal’ as opposed to our ideas of what is ‘normal’. These include: Statistical Infrequency, Violation of Social Norms, Failure to Function Adequately, Deviation from Ideal Mental Health and several other models

15

Define electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

a procedure used to treat certain psychiatric conditions. It involves passing a carefully controlled electric current through the brain, which affects the brain’s activity and aims to relieve severe depressive and psychotic symptoms

16

Define exorcism

the expulsion or attempted expulsion of a supposed evil spirit from a person or place