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History GSHS USA Depression and the New Deal > Hoover vs Roosevelt Election > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hoover vs Roosevelt Election Deck (10)
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1

What was the Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930 introduced by Hoover?

40% tax on goods imported from abroad to encourage people to buy American goods

2

What did the Emergency Relief Act of 1932 introduced by Hoover do?

Gave $300 million to help unemployed people

3

What was the name given to the government loans of $1,500 million to businesses to help business recover, introduced by Hoover in 1932?

Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)

4

How much money did Hoover offer for major building projects (to provide employment)?

$4,000 million

5

What was the Bonus Army?

July 1932 -WW1 veterans who had been promised a bonus travelled to Washington to demand their bonus early. The Senate refused, Hoover offered to pay $100,000 towards transport home. Some refused and camped there. Army, tanks and tear gas were used to move them on. 2 babies died and many were injured from effects of gas.

6

Why was Hoover unpopular?

- Associated with Wall St. Crash and Depression (Hoovervilles)
- Felt to interested in business (not in touch with ordinary people's needs)
- Believed in rugged individualism and laissez-faire (people felt more action needed)
- Bad publicity from Bonus Army
- Many felt public work schemes etc were too little

7

What percentage of the vote did Roosevelt get in the November 1932 election?

57% (won 42 out of 48 states and majority of seats in Congress)

8

What techniques did Roosevelt use to make sure as many Americans would see or hear him as possible in the election campaign?

- Used the radio to publicise himself.
- Across USA tours to speak to crowds (travelled over 20,800 km on campaign trial, made 16 major speeches and 60 from the back of his train)

9

Why did Roosevelt appeal to Americans in 1932?

- Full of enthusiasm and charisma
- Reputation for listening to people
- Already helped improve the economy in New York State (proven record)
- Made clear to the people the government under him to act to end the crisis
- promised a New Deal

10

When did Roosevelt officially start his presidency?

March 1933