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Flashcards in Human Aspects Of Driving Deck (18)
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7 specialised elements of particular importance in police driving?

Time sharing -ability to carry out several tasks at same time to equally high standard

Attention distribution - facility to distribute attention Over a wide range so can deal with all aspects of task systematically and methodically

Situational awareness - acquire a keen sense of awareness about himself, his vehicle and surroundings. Employ all senses to gather info and build up accurate mental picture of the situation

Plan formulating - able to formulate precise plan of action and make accurate rapid decisions during difficult phases of driving

Anticipation - develop exceptional powers of anticipation, using observation skills and experience to predict how situation is likely to unfold

Judgement making - possess keen powers of judgement so in stressful operations your driving is appropriate accurate and safe

Alertness - bring a high degree of alertness vigilance and concentration so that no potential hazards are missed and nothing is left to chance


5 main elements of advanced driving and higher mental processing abilities

- Observation
- perception
- decision making
- judgement forming
- action monitoring


What can you do to counteract the limitations on the brain and assist the brain to process information?

- maintain regular practice of driving techniques

- ensure the brain is provided with as much info as possible about he surroundings by sharpening up observation and perceptual skills and develop a keen sense of awareness

- make use of the 'system' of car control and keep scan of attention as wide as possible to enable you to negotiate hazards


Definition of stress (in relation to driving)

The perception by the driver I the demands placed upon him and his ability to cope with these demands


What categories of operational stress may emergency drivers be exposed to?

Anticipatory responses
Alarm reception
Task related stress
Life threatening stress
Cumulative incident stress
Post error dwell reaction
Work related stress


Anticipatory responses?

The anticipation of facing difficult or demanding tasks (ie nerves such as like before an exam!)


Alarm reaction?

Familiar response to the sudden startle of an arm bell/ emergency phone call or call out by control to attend an incident as an 'I grade'


Symptoms of alarm response

Dry mouth
Sweaty palms
Pounding heart
Increase in rate and depth of breath


Task related stress

Anticipatory stress responses to an operation

Can include stress caused by:

- Weather conditions on road

- Obstacles / hazards on road

- Problems locating incident

- Lack of detail about incident conditions

- Pressure to reach incident on short space of time

- Anxieties about need to carry out tasks which are less familiar (ie first aid)

- Overloading of input


Symptoms of task related stress

Sweaty palms

Increased heart rate

Faster and deeper breathing

Tension of back and neck muscles which may induce headache and back pain

Muscle tremor


Behavioural affects of task related stress

Omission- driver fails to response To situation

Error - driver responds but takes action which is inappropriate or dangerous

Approximation - driver delays decision when faced with multiple tasks until workload decreases to acceptable level

Coning of attention - driver reduces span of attenuation and concentrates on one narrow aspect of task, missing potentially Serious hazards


Symptoms of anticipatory responses?

Needing wee
Loose Bowles
Loss of appetite
Difficulty sleeping


Life threatening stress?

When a fast drive / certain driving situations may pose threat to the well being and safety of self, other occupants of vehicle, members of public or other road users


Symptoms of life threatening stress

Freezing on the spot - unable to respond , escape or take evasive action (state of muscle rigidness)


Blind panic - risk management and judgement taking are completely abandoned - motor programmes associated with escape go into automatic operation. Persons runs round in uncoordinated and Uncontrolled manner


Cumulative incident stress?

Repeated exposure to distressing circumstances. Unpleasant or distressing images may be recalled and interfere with normal interpretation of an event


Pot error dwell reaction

Being pre-occupied with a previous mistake which affects the current situation


Work related stress

Such as:

Career development / Stagnation problems or uncertainties over role

Unsocial working hours

Deteriorating work relationships

Conflicts between work and home life

Under use of skills / menial tasks


Symptoms of work related stress

Impatience if not constantly active

Difficulty sleeping thinking of next day

Feeling that mind is full or life is full of

Difficulty Making decisions on things which wouldn't have been a problem before

Frustration , boredom, apathy

Irritability, increasing aggressive confrontations

Indigestion / nausea/ headache / trembling / sweating