Hypertension Flashcards Preview

T&D III exam 1 > Hypertension > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hypertension Deck (20):
1

the tightest disease link with BP

Stroke

2

Is life style modification needed for Pre-Htn?

Yes

3

BP lowering prevents _____ better than it prevents ______

Strokes
MI

4

Compelling indications

Heart failure
Diabetes with proteinuria
CAD
- prior MI
- High risk
Chronic Renal insufficiency
CVA

5

What is necessary to maintain hypertension

Altered renal "set point"

6

Sustained hypertension requires what

renal involvement

7

Underappreciated cause of hypertension

Sleep apnea

8

Malignant hypertension

Medical emergency
Acute vascular injury - usually in retinal exam

9

Who should be evaluated for secondary hypertension?

- Htn presents "early"
- no family history
- severe/difficult to control

10

Types of Renovascular hypertension

Fibromuscular dysplagia
Atheromatous

11

Describe fibromuscular dysplagia

- young
- more Female
- familial
- responds to correction
- Unusual in ppl of African descent

12

When should CT be done in Pheochromocytoma

after biochemical determination

13

When is hypokalemia a red flag?

In face of ACE-I

14

What is hypokalemia a clue for

Hyperaldosteronism

15

How do you evaluate Hypoaldo

Stimulate renin with diuretic
Suppress aldo with volume expansion

16

Risk factors for atherosclerosis

Smoking
Dyslipidemia
age - older than 60
Male or post-menopausal female
Family history

17

Uncomplicated Hypertension

Diuretics

18

DM

ACE-I or ARB

19

MI

Beta blocker

20

systolic heart failure

ACE-I or ARB