I. Neurodevelopmental Disorders Flashcards Preview

BLEPP- AbPsych: Mental Disorders Diagnostic Categories > I. Neurodevelopmental Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in I. Neurodevelopmental Disorders Deck (33)
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1

- Characterized by deficits in general mental abilities
- The deficits result in impairments of adaptive functioning: Conceptual, Practical & Social
-Originates before the age of 18

Intellectual Disability

2

Characterized by deficits in the development and use of language, speech, and social communication, respectively.

Language disorder, speech sound disorder, social (pragmatic) communication disorder

3

Characterized by disturbances of the normal
fluency and motor production of speech

Childhood-onset fluency disorder (stuttering)

4

Characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts deficits in social reciprocity, nonverbal communicative behaviors used for social interaction, and skills in developing, maintaining, and understanding relationships.

Autism Spectrum Disorder

5

Defined by impairing levels of inattention, disorganization, and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity.

ADHD

6

- Diagnosed when there are specific deficits in an individual's ability to perceive or process
information efficiently and accurately.
- Characterized by persistent and impairing difficulties with learning foundational academic skills in
reading, writing, and/or math.

Specific Learning Disorder

7

- Deficits in the acquisition and execution of coordinated motor skills and is manifested by clumsiness and slowness or inaccuracy of performance of motor skills that cause interference with activities of daily living.

Developmental coordination disorder

8

Repetitive, seemingly driven, and apparently purposeless motor behaviors

Stereotypic movement disorder

9

Characterized by the presence of motor or vocal tics.

Tic disorders

10

- A group of disorders in which the development of the central nervous system is disturbed.
- Can include developmental brain dysfunction which can manifest as neuropsychiatric or impaired motor function, learning, language, or non-verbal communication.

Neurodevelopmental Disorders
(Childhood Disorders)

11

Intellectual Giftedness Classification:
130-144: _________

Moderately Gifted

12

Intellectual Giftedness Classification:
160-179: _________

Exceptionally Gifted

13

Intellectual Giftedness Classification:
145-159: _________

Highly Gifted

14

Intellectual Giftedness Classification:
180+: _________

Profoundly Gifted

15

When a woman drinks alcohol during pregnancy, she risks giving birth to a child who will pay the price - in mental and physical deficiencies - for his or her entire life.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome / Hidden Disability

16

- individuals born with an extra 21st chromosome
- IQ is below 70
- overly friendly
- smile and laugh

Trisomy 21 / Down Syndrome / Mongolism

17

Domain of Neurodevelopmental disorder which is outward-directed. (e.g. aggressiveness, noncompliance, overractivity & impulsiveness)

Externalizing Disorder

18

Domain of Neurodevelopmental disorder which is inward-directed. (e.g. Depressed, Social withdrawal, anxiety)

Internalizing Disorder

19

Levels of Intellectual Disability:
IQ of 50-70
(Educable)

Mild/Dull Normal

20

Levels of Intellectual Disability:
IQ of 20-34
Generally has little understanding of written language or of concepts. Requires support of all activities of Daily living.

Severe

21

Levels of Intellectual Disability:
IQ of 35-49
Trainable in non academic areas but incapable of learning.

Moderate

22

Levels of Intellectual Disability:
IQ of less than 20
Requires pervasive services and supports.
Very limited understanding of symbolic communication is speech or gesture.

Profound

23

-a general term used to descrive a condition that occurs during the developmental period of child between birth and 18 years.
-usually defined by the child being diagnosed with having a lower intellectual functioning than what is perceived as 'normal'.

Global Developmental Delay

24

Any disorder that affects an individual's ability to comprehend, detect, or apply language and speech to engage in discourse effectively with others.

Communication Disorder

25

Difficulties in the acquisition and use of language due to the deficits in the comprehension or production of vocabulary, sentence structure and discourse.

Language Disorder
(Expressive and Mixed Receptive-Expressive Language Disorder)

26

Diagnosed when speech sound production is not what would be expected based on the child's age and developmental stage.

Speech Sound Disorder
(Phonological Disorder)

27

Type of Speech Sound Error wherein a child may leave out sounds in words and sentences.
(e.g. I ree a boo = I read a book)

Omissions

28

Type of Speech Sound Error wherein a child may use an incorrect sound instead of the correct one.
(e.g. wook a the wittle wamb = look at the little lamb)

Substitutions

29

Type of Speech Sound Error wherein a child tries to make the right sound, but cannot produce it clearly.

Distortion

30

Disturbance of the normal fluency and time patterning of speech that is inappropriate for the individual's age.
-later-onset causes are diagnosed as Adult-___________
-monosyllabic whole-word repetitions
-prolongation of Sounds.

Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder
(Stuttering)