II. Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders Flashcards Preview

BLEPP- AbPsych: Mental Disorders Diagnostic Categories > II. Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in II. Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders Deck (72)
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A spectrum as it applies to mental disorder is a range of linked conditions, sometimes also extending to include singular symptoms and traits

Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders

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- Pervasive pattern of social and interpersonal deficits
Cognitive or perceptual distortions.
- Abnormalities of beliefs, thinking, and perception are below the threshold for the diagnosis of a
psychotic disorder.

Schizotypal Personality Disorder

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- Characterized by at least 1 month of delusions but no other psychotic symptoms.
- The person has not met criteria for schizophrenia
- Functional impairment within the specific impact of the delusion

Delusional Disorder

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One or more of the symptoms of schizophrenia that lasts more than 1 day and remits by 1 month.

Brief Psychotic Disorder

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Characterized by a symptomatic presentation equivalent to that of schizophrenia except for its
duration (less than 6 months) and the absence of a requirement for a decline in functioning

Schizophreniform Disorder

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Two or more of the following symptoms for at least 1 month; one symptom should be either 1, 2, or 3:
1) delusions
2) hallucinations
3) disorganized speech
4) disorganized (or catatonic) behavior
5) negative symptoms (diminished motivation or emotional expression)
- Functional impairment in one or more areas
- Signs of disorder for at least 6 months

Schizophrenia

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A mood episode and the active-phase symptoms of schizophrenia occur together and were preceded or are followed by at least 2 weeks of delusions or hallucinations without prominent mood symptoms.

Schizoaffective Disorder

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- Poverty of Speech
- Reflects lack of thinking or motivation to speak.

Alogia

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- Abscence or insufficienct of normal behavior
- 25% Experience

Type 2 Schizophrenia
(Negative Symptoms)

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- Blunted affect
- Face may remain immobile and body language is unresponsice.

Affective flattening

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4 A's of Schizophrenia

- Affect
- Ambivalence
- Autism
- Associations

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Lack of pleasure

Anhedonia

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- Difficulty in focusing and maintaining attention.
- deficits in the working memory (ability to hold information and manipulate it)

Attention impairment

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Contrasting feelings towards the same person at the same time.

Ambivalence

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False sensory perception

Hallucination

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Very slow motor responses

Stupor

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Loss of motivation

Avolition (or Apathy)

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Abnormal lack of energy

Anergia

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Disorganized behavior that affects unresposiveness to the world.

Catatonia

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Lack of interest in social interaction

Asocial behavior (Asociality)

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- Active manifestations
- Obvious signs
- Distortions of normal behavior
- 50%-70% experience

Type 1 Schizophrenia
(Positive Symptoms)

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- Trouble organizing their daily routines of bathing, dressing properly, and eating regularly.
- Engage in socially acceptable behavior (e.g. public masturbation)
- Many are disheveled and dirty.

Abnormal or Disorganized Thought and Speech

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- Trouble organizing their daily routines of bathing, dressing properly, and eating regularly.
- Engage in socially acceptable behavior (e.g. public masturbation)
- Many are disheveled and dirty.

Abnormal or Disorganized Thought and Speech

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- Frightening to others
- Display unpredictable and apparently untriggered agitation.
- sudden shouting, swearing may be responses to hallucinations and delusions.

Bizaare or Disorganized Behavior

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Part of the brain concerned with Hallucinations

Broca's Area

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Visual hallucinations involving geometric shapes such as tunnels and funnels, spirals, lattices, or cobwebs.

Geometric Hallucinations

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A hallucination involving sight, which may consist of formed images, such as of people, or of unformed images, such as flashes of light.

Visual Hallucinations

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Belief that one is going to be harmed, harassed, and so forth by an individual, organization, or other group.

Persecutory Delusions

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Inhibited Dosolateral Prefrontal Cortex

Schizophrenia

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Experience of hallucinations, delusions, and loss of contact with reality

Psychosis