Idiographic and nomothetic approaches Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Idiographic and nomothetic approaches Deck (8)
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1

What does this debate question?

Whether it is more important to look at the individual as unique or as part of a group to establish similarities for that group

2

Define idiographic

Everyone is unique and no generalisations can be made. All experiences are private and subjective. Qualitative data.

3

Which approach is extremely idiographic?

The humanistic approach

4

Define nomothetic

Applies laws and generalisations to everyone using qualitative data. Focus on similarities between people and putting people in groups

5

What research method is an illustration of the idiographic approach?

Case studies and other qualitative, small-scale research

6

What are the three types of general laws the nomothetic approach tries to find?

Classification - People can be put into groups according to characteristics, attitudes or behaviour

Establishing principles - Trying to establish laws/principles that can be applied to all human behaviour, such as the "Law of Effect" proposed by Thorndike. These are easily weakened by case studies

Establishing dimensions - This is the attempt to document continuums upon which an individual can be placed in comparison with others and facilitates scientific measurement

7

What methods are, broadly speaking, seen as nomothetic and idiographic?

Nomothetic: Quantitative methods

Idiographic: Qualitative methods

8

What within schizophrenia is idiographic or nomothetic?

Nomothetic: Drug treatments

Idiographic: CBT