The nature-nurture debate Flashcards Preview

Psychology - Issues and debates > The nature-nurture debate > Flashcards

Flashcards in The nature-nurture debate Deck (11):
1

What is this debate centred around?

The view that our behaviour is genetically pre-programmed or the view that we are the result of our environmental influences

2

What is the interactionist perspective on this debate?

Both genetics and the environment influence behaviour, so neither extreme view is valid

3

Define nature

Inherent characteristics/essence of a person

4

Define nativism

Concepts, mental capacities, and mental structures are innate rather than acquired by learning

5

What does hereditary mean?

A characteristic is passed down from parents and anscestors

6

What is nurture?

Behaviour is taught and determined by upbringing. All environmental factors impact who we are

7

Define empiricism

All knowledge is based on experience derived from the senses

8

What is the humanistic view on this debate?

Everybody is unique and has free will, and behaviour is not determined by genetics or external factors. People are subjective. (Maslow and Roger)

9

What is QTL?

( Quantitative trait loci) An alternative approach to the nature side of the nature-nurture debate which looks for multiple genes combining to affect behaviour and rejects the OGOD (one gene one disorder) approach as being reductionist

10

What stance within relationships is nativist? How could this be countered?

The evolutionary approach

There are cultural differences found within what is regarded as attractive

11

What theory within schizophrenia suggests nurture?

Family dysfunction