The nature-nurture debate Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The nature-nurture debate Deck (11)
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What is this debate centred around?

The view that our behaviour is genetically pre-programmed or the view that we are the result of our environmental influences


What is the interactionist perspective on this debate?

Both genetics and the environment influence behaviour, so neither extreme view is valid


Define nature

Inherent characteristics/essence of a person


Define nativism

Concepts, mental capacities, and mental structures are innate rather than acquired by learning


What does hereditary mean?

A characteristic is passed down from parents and anscestors


What is nurture?

Behaviour is taught and determined by upbringing. All environmental factors impact who we are


Define empiricism

All knowledge is based on experience derived from the senses


What is the humanistic view on this debate?

Everybody is unique and has free will, and behaviour is not determined by genetics or external factors. People are subjective. (Maslow and Roger)


What is QTL?

( Quantitative trait loci) An alternative approach to the nature side of the nature-nurture debate which looks for multiple genes combining to affect behaviour and rejects the OGOD (one gene one disorder) approach as being reductionist


What stance within relationships is nativist? How could this be countered?

The evolutionary approach

There are cultural differences found within what is regarded as attractive


What theory within schizophrenia suggests nurture?

Family dysfunction