Flashcards in The nature-nurture debate Deck (11):
What is this debate centred around?
The view that our behaviour is genetically pre-programmed or the view that we are the result of our environmental influences
What is the interactionist perspective on this debate?
Both genetics and the environment influence behaviour, so neither extreme view is valid
Inherent characteristics/essence of a person
Concepts, mental capacities, and mental structures are innate rather than acquired by learning
What does hereditary mean?
A characteristic is passed down from parents and anscestors
What is nurture?
Behaviour is taught and determined by upbringing. All environmental factors impact who we are
All knowledge is based on experience derived from the senses
What is the humanistic view on this debate?
Everybody is unique and has free will, and behaviour is not determined by genetics or external factors. People are subjective. (Maslow and Roger)
What is QTL?
( Quantitative trait loci) An alternative approach to the nature side of the nature-nurture debate which looks for multiple genes combining to affect behaviour and rejects the OGOD (one gene one disorder) approach as being reductionist
What stance within relationships is nativist? How could this be countered?
The evolutionary approach
There are cultural differences found within what is regarded as attractive