Flashcards in IFAT #3 Deck (24):
Describe the Ring Road era.
- emergence of edge cities
- identified as a unique place
- has all normal city functions
- areas previously void of urbanization
- mass jobs, offices, retail space
How was America's suburban project described?
greatest misallocation of resources in the world
invested post-war wealth in a living arrangement that has no future
Describe the 401 Highway.
"main street" of Ontario
extensively monitored today
most important development changing the social/economic pattern of Ontario
Describe the 407 Highway.
built quickly using projections of how much money they would make based on traffic
take pictures of license plate and bills you
What are some things driving change in the modern era?
oil production declining, energy costs go up
scarcity of space
emerging transport technology
- alternative fuels
- ICT (information and communication tech)
- ITS (intelligent transport system)
emerging societal trends
- "local" movements
- physical activity
- aging population
Describe what should be happening in the modern era according to Dr. Doherty.
- limited outward growth
- manage existing infrastructure better
- re-birth of mass transit
- more local and social focused
- driverless cars
What is Dr. Doherty's justification for driverless cars?
- need less vehicles
- don't need parking space (frees up land)
- reduction in accidents
What is most closely linked to urban growth?
Describe the Mass Transit Era in Europe and Asia.
- expanded primarily on express bus lines and rail lines
- new towns planned were transit oriented
- walking cores retained
- high-rise apartments in abundance
What are the stages of the Mass Transit Era?
- walking city cores
- bus/tram linear corridors
- rail-oriented edge cities
Describe Walking city cores.
many areas limit auto travel
mixed use, highly dense
Describe bus/tram linear corridors
- main streets most common
- narrow continuous shops, close to street
- highly multi-modal
Describe rail-oriented edge cities.
focused on a mass transit station
high density employment in centre
housing within walking distance of station
internal access mostly by foot
fees for car parking
What does Hagerstand say about time-geography?
basic needs/desires/goals generate projects
projects involve a series of actions
travel is often needed
What are time-space paths?
tasks and travel incorporated
constrained by time in a day and other factors
What are the 3 types of time-space path constraints?
What are examples of capability constraints?
ex. can only walk so fast
ex. can't be in 2 places at once
What are examples of coupling constraints?
ex. can't attend a lecture in which there is no teacher
ex. matching up schedule with kids' school schedule
What are examples of authority constraints?
ex. mall shopping hours
ex. speed limits
What are some aspects that can be tracked using a GPS?
speed of travel/modes of transport
time spent @ locations
What can GPS not track?
attributes of activities (ex. who with, what buy)
missed trips (ex. phone died, bad signal)
how observed patterns come about (ex. why)
What are prompted recall diaries?
taking GPS tracked information and interviewing them on who they were with and what activity they were doing at each location to get accuracy
What does Jeff Speck say the worst idea ever was?
suburban sprawl/reorganization of landscape around automobile use