IFAT #3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in IFAT #3 Deck (24):

Describe the Ring Road era.

- emergence of edge cities

Edge Cities
- identified as a unique place
- has all normal city functions
- areas previously void of urbanization
- mass jobs, offices, retail space


How was America's suburban project described?

greatest misallocation of resources in the world

invested post-war wealth in a living arrangement that has no future


Describe the 401 Highway.

"main street" of Ontario
extensively monitored today
most important development changing the social/economic pattern of Ontario


Describe the 407 Highway.

built quickly using projections of how much money they would make based on traffic

take pictures of license plate and bills you


What are some things driving change in the modern era?

oil production declining, energy costs go up

scarcity of space

emerging transport technology
- alternative fuels
- ICT (information and communication tech)
- ITS (intelligent transport system)

emerging societal trends
- "local" movements
- physical activity
- aging population


Describe what should be happening in the modern era according to Dr. Doherty.

- limited outward growth
- manage existing infrastructure better
- re-birth of mass transit
- more local and social focused
- driverless cars


What is Dr. Doherty's justification for driverless cars?

- need less vehicles
- don't need parking space (frees up land)
- reduction in accidents


What is most closely linked to urban growth?

transport technologies


Describe the Mass Transit Era in Europe and Asia.

- 1950-1990
- expanded primarily on express bus lines and rail lines
- new towns planned were transit oriented
- walking cores retained
- high-rise apartments in abundance


What are the stages of the Mass Transit Era?

- walking city cores
- bus/tram linear corridors
- rail-oriented edge cities


Describe Walking city cores.

many areas limit auto travel

mixed use, highly dense


Describe bus/tram linear corridors

- main streets most common
- narrow continuous shops, close to street
- highly multi-modal


Describe rail-oriented edge cities.

focused on a mass transit station
high density employment in centre
housing within walking distance of station
internal access mostly by foot
fees for car parking


What does Hagerstand say about time-geography?

basic needs/desires/goals generate projects
ex. education

projects involve a series of actions

travel is often needed


What are time-space paths?

tasks and travel incorporated

constrained by time in a day and other factors


What are the 3 types of time-space path constraints?

capability constraints
coupling constraints
authority constraints


What are examples of capability constraints?

ex. can only walk so fast
ex. can't be in 2 places at once


What are examples of coupling constraints?

ex. can't attend a lecture in which there is no teacher
ex. matching up schedule with kids' school schedule


What are examples of authority constraints?

ex. mall shopping hours
ex. speed limits


What are some aspects that can be tracked using a GPS?

general activity
speed of travel/modes of transport
time spent @ locations
home location


What can GPS not track?

attributes of activities (ex. who with, what buy)
missed trips (ex. phone died, bad signal)
how observed patterns come about (ex. why)


What are prompted recall diaries?

taking GPS tracked information and interviewing them on who they were with and what activity they were doing at each location to get accuracy


What does Jeff Speck say the worst idea ever was?

suburban sprawl/reorganization of landscape around automobile use


What are the 3 reasons Jeff Speck lists to live in a walkable neighbourhood?

money, environment, health