In Class Unit 3.3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in In Class Unit 3.3 Deck (28):
1

2 ways of evaluating persons who occupy statuses

-esteem
-prestige

2

Esteem

assessment of an individuals role performance in a social position. its within statuses assessment

3

Prestige

level of social honour associated wirth an particular status, independent of who occupies is. between status assessment

4

Layers of social stratification =

inequalities

5

Contributors to stratification groupongs

-education
-occupation
-income

6

Income inequality are identified through a..

summary statistic

7

Longtidudinal purpose

same unit, different points in times

8

Cross-sectional purpose

different units, same point of time

9

Two common indexes of income inequality

-quintile ratio
-gini index

10

Steps in creating the quintile ratio

-identify units annual income
-rank order units income
-create quintiles
-calculate quintile shares
-calculate quintile ratios

11

Lorenz curve

plotting actual income distribution looks like

12

Gini index

how far that lorenz curve is away from perfect equality (straight line)

13

Inequality makes a ____ different between rich nations

little

14

Inequality makes a ____ difference within rich nations

large

15

Inequality makes a ____ difference between rich and poor countries

large

16

3 general kinds of stratification

-caste
-estate
-class

17

Caste

rigid categories based on birth and no mobility between castes

18

Estate

categories in Europe's middle ages feudal system, based on ascriptive birth, limited mobility

19

Class

based on achieved criteria allowing for potentially more mobility

20

Social class can help you ..

make a predicted guess on type of person

21

Two facts of life

autonomy and constraint

22

Conventional sociological measure/ socio-economic status (SES) is based on.

combination of education, income, occupational prestige variable

23

Banfields approach

-how distant a future you can imagine
-how much you differ your gratification in the present

24

CORDing involves..

exchanges with one's environment

25

Power

probability you will succeed in getting environment to last as you want

26

Location of determinants of your future

inside you, your character created largely by socialization

27

Location of success of your actions

outside of you, in your power, created largely by social location through interdependence

28

5 determinate of power

-how much other people value what you have to offer
-how many such peopler there are
-how many competitors you have
-how willing and able are the others to acts as you want
-how willing and able are you to actually make your potential offerings available