In Class Unit 4.1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in In Class Unit 4.1 Deck (25):
1

Organizations are..

concrete things

2

Institutions are..

cultural blueprints around which these are built

3

Institutionalization

forms organizations

4

2 types of interests and goods

-individual interests
-collective interests

5

Individual interests

person -- needs -- disequilibrium -- autonomy -- individual (private) goods

6

Collective interests

interdependence -- insituations -- organization -- collective interests -- disequilibrium -- collective (public) goods

7

Collective goods

contribute to the welfare of the system ex: public parks.

8

How collective goods are generated

through contributions (sacrifices) of individuals (taxes)

9

Problems related to collective goods

-available to everyone, independent of contribution (taxes)
-individual contribution only slight benefit to the system but significant cost to the individual

10

Free rider problem

autonomy drives us to strain the collective interests that sustain us (incentive to cheat)

11

Collective goods are necessary for ..

the maintenance of collective interests

12

Collective interests arfe import to the..

preservation of order (integration)

13

Individual contributions to collective goods are ____ but individual costs to collective goods are ____

small; high

14

2 illustrations of consumption of collective goods

-tragedy of the commons
-prisoners dilemma

15

Tragedy of the commons

reasonable action leads to remorseless destructions

16

Environmental adaptations

herders want commons to act in certain way via CORD, environment is its own system with own needs

17

Invalid egocentric notion

peoples environments NOT made for the benefit of people

18

What herdsman must to

-enable environment through investment costs
-tailor their wants to existing levels of environmental performance (change expectations)

19

Example of tragedy of the commons

sheep in the field, increase of sheep causes over grazing but benefits the herder personally with more money. like to blame others and not take responsibility

20

Functional prerequisites

necessary conditions for society to endure, they must be met for things to work properly

21

8 functional prerequisites

-sexual access
-procreation (children need to be had)
-care of young
-socialization (cultural blueprint must be out for next generation)
-religion
-power distribution
-goods and serves
-social control (ways dealing with deviant people)

22

Problem of integration

collective, coordinated solutions to repetitive social issues

23

Instituions

enduring ideas and ideals about how to accomplish basic social functions, not concrete

24

Prisoners dilemma

scenario and how rational, individualistic thinking operates. thinking about personal benefit

25

Lesson from prisoners dilemma

if you act autonomously and ignore interdependence, you/we are doomed