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Flashcards in Individual Differences Deck (159)
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1

2010 equality act

9 protected characteristics - Race, Age, gender reassignment, Sex, Religion, Maternity/ Pregnancy, Disability, marriage etc, Sexual orientation

2

Sheldon?

Somatotypes

3

Ectomorph?

typically thin, introverted, inhibited, private

4

Endomorph?

carry weight around the middle, fun-loving, social, affectionate

5

Mesomorph?

athletic, adventurous, assertive, risk taker

6

Holtzan inkblot test

addresses issues in rorschach test, specific criteria including reatcion time, rejection, place, space, and form of ink blots

7

Allport (1937)

trait approach, cardinal traits, central traits, secondary traits

8

Searching for core traits (Allport)

more than 4,000 words in the english language describing different personality traits

9

Raymond Cattell?

reduced 4,000 words from allport to 171, used factor analysis to reduce the list to just 16 traits. Sixteen personality factor questionnaire

10

Eysenck's factor analysis

largely based off work with soldiers in maudsley psychiatric hospital, belief of an inherited nervous system. Extraversion v Introversion, Neuroticism v Stability. Later normality v Psychoticism

11

The big 5?

OCEAN - Openness, Conscientiousness, Extroversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism

12

MMPI?

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory

13

Parts of the MMPI?

Principle subscales, Supplementary scales, validity scales.

14

Principle subscales of MMPI?

10 major personality dimensions tested over 338 questions

15

Supplementary subscales of MMPI?

12 subscales assessing other aspects of personality

16

Validity scales MMPI

4 scales. Cannot say scale, Lie Scale, Infrequency scale, Correction scale

17

Clonginer (1994)?

Temperament and Character inventory (TCI)
Novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, persistence,
Self directedness, cooperativeness, self-transcendence

18

What is intelligence? (Gottfredson, 1997)

ability to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend complex ideas etc

19

Galton (1869)?

Hereditary nature of intelligence

20

Binet (1904)?

first intelligence test

21

Spearman?

'g' general intelligence

22

Cattell's multi factor theory of intelligence?

crystallised intelligence - factual knowlege, Fluid intelligence - ability to solve novel problems

23

Gardner - theory of Multiple Intelligences (MI)

Linguistic, spatial, logic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, bodily-kineasthetic etc

24

Social attitudes?

Key personality variables affecting reactions to social events

25

Adorno et al (1950)

F-scale and authoritarian personality - excessive conformity. intolerance of others, rigid stereotyped thought patterns

26

Shields (1976)?

found that monozygotic (identical) twins were significantly more alike on the Introvert – Extrovert (E) and Psychoticism (P) dimensions than dizygotic (non-identical) twins

27

Sidanius and Pratto (1999)

Aggregated individual discrimination, unnoticed acts such as anti lgbtq+ comments, not promoting a black person, etc

28

Sarason (1980)?

test anxiety scale, 27 items t/f scale, higher score = higher anxiety

29

Mandler and Sarason (1952)?

power of feedback. improved low TA scores, reduced high TA scores

30

Kolic-Vehovec and Roncevic (2003)?

gifted students, same perfectionism and equal academic self concept, but lower levels of TA