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Flashcards in Social Psychology Deck (49)
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1

How being social affects our behaviour

Conformity - Asch
Obedience - Milgram
Deindividualtion - Zajonc
Social roles - Zimbardo

2

Social facilitation and inhibition?

Triplett, zanjonc

3

Self fulfilling prophecies - Pygmalion effect

Rosenthal and Jacobson (1968)

4

Hawthorne effect?

Landsberger, 1958 - individuals modify an aspect of their behavior in response to their awareness of being observed.

5

Naive scientist?

model of social thinking - heider 1958. rational and systematic based on cause and effect

6

Fiske and Taylor (1991)?

Cognitive miser

7

Thinking fast and slow?

Kahneman (2011) - two systems of thinking

8

Kruglanski (1996)

The motivated tactician - flexible social thinkers

9

Macrae, Hewstone and Griffifths, 1993?

Conditions promoting heuristic use - time constraints, cognitive overload, lack of information

10

Accessibility

extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront of people's minds

11

chronic accessibility

schemata activated easily for an individual across time and situations

12

Smith, 1999

anchoring and adjustment - children and sweets in a jar

13

Yik et al (2019)

anchoring and adjustment for feelings - more when under time constraints

14

Naive diversification

asked to make several decisions at once, will diversify options

15

Escalation of commitment

similar to cost sunk fallacy, justify increased investment in terms of prior investment

16

Kunda, 1999

availibility heuristic explains the perserverence of refuted beliefs

17

Why do we categorise?

Fiske and Taylor 91991) saves us time and cognitive processing.
Hogg (2000, 2002) reduces uncertainty and provides prescriptive norms

18

Prototypes?

Barsalou (1991) most representative member of a category, categorisation of less typical members may be slower or more errorful

19

Payne et al (2005)

rapidly showed pictures to students, participants more likely to rapidly misidentify a tool as a gun when preceded by a black face

20

Affect as information theory?

affect valence - affective reactions provide a source of information about value or valence, positive or negative
Affect arousal - implicit or explicit responses - information on relevance, urgency or importance

21

Forgas and Fielder (1996)

negative moods lead to more bottom up thinking

22

Monteith, 1993

positive moods lead to more top down thinking

23

How does heider (1958) provide the basis for attribution theory?

people are motivated by the need to forma coherent view of the world, and the need to gain control over the environment

24

Locus of causality

internal attribution - locates cause as internal to the person - dispositional
external attribution - locates cause to the situation

25

Fincham and O'Leary (1983)

spousal attribution, happy and unhappy marriages

26

Weiner, 1982/5/6

stability and controllability act as additional dimensions along which attribution occurs

27

Correspondant inference theory?

Jones and davis, 1965 - people try to infer that the actions of an actor correspond to a stable charactersitic - e.g. making a daredevil

28

Kelley's Cube?

Covariation model - 1967 - consensus information, consistency information, generalisation (distinctiveness)

29

Chen, yates and McGinniews, 1988

kelleys cube generally supported but not all three types of information created equally

30

Wndschild and Wells, 1997

consistency and distinctiveness more important than consensus