infection control (4) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in infection control (4) Deck (17):
1

who first implemented hand washing with chlorinated water during deliveries

Ignaz Semmelweis in 1840

2

who used microscopes to see animacules (1st direct observation of microbes)

Anton van Leeuwenhoek

3

who noticed that previous infection by cowpox prevents smallpox and set the stage for immunology and vaccine development

edward jenner

4

who noticed that cholera was transmitted by polluted water

John Snow

5

who noticed that mild heating of foods delayed spoilage

Pasteur (pasteurization)

6

who developed the germ theory of disease

Pasteur

7

who developed a procedure for attenuating organisms for use in vaccines

Pasteur

8

who developed the first rabies vaccine

Pasteur

9

who developed a system of surgery designed to prevent disease transmission involving cleaning surgical equipment

Joseph Lister

10

who reproduced disease through injection of healthy animals with anthrax microbe?

Koch--Koch's postulates

11

who developed penicillin

Alexander Fleming

12

sequencing for donning PPE

1. hand hygiene
2. gown
3. mask
4. goggles/face shield
5. gloves

13

sequence for removing PPE

*gown and gloves at doorway before leaving room

1. gloves
2. hand hygiene
3. gown
4. hand hygiene


mask and eye protection outside room, then hand hygiene

14

a condition that requires contact precautions

C. diff

15

a condition that required droplet precautions

suspected meningitis
respiratory infections

16

a condition that requires airborne precautions

pulmonary TB
ebola
marburg

airborne isolation room at negative pressure.

17

what are the 4 Cs for ARO infected patients to be able to leave rooms

1. clean hands and clothes
2. contained wounds
3. continent
4. cooperative