-ing verb form - all uses/rules Flashcards Preview

Inglês - Grammar - R > -ing verb form - all uses/rules > Flashcards

Flashcards in -ing verb form - all uses/rules Deck (3)
Loading flashcards...
1

when we use?

All progressive tenses - present continous, past progressive(they were walking) and future progressive(They will be arriving soon).

Gerund - ver used as a noun
p.e - I hate washing - what do I hate?

As an adjective
p.e - I have a long working day.

2

General rule --> comment

Most verbs --> verb + ing.

Verbs ending in silent "E" --> remove "E" and add -ing form.
p.e - leave --> leaving.

Verbs ending in "ie" --> change "ie" to "y" and -ing.
p.e DIE --> DYING / TIE --> TYING.

Verbs ending in "ee" --> just add -ing form.
p.e SEE --> SEEING

3

Complex rule --> comment

Verbs ending in single vowel and a single consonant(except -w -x -y).
1 - For 1 syllable verbs --> double the consonant and add -ing form.

2- For 2 syllable vers --> a) if the second syllable is stressed - double the consonant and add -ing form.
f.e - admit --> admmtting / commit --> committing
b) if the second syllable is not STRESSED --> just add -ing form
f.e - target --> targeting / visit --> visiting.

3- verbs ending in 'L' --> double the 'L' and add -ing form.
*for British english only.
f.e - Cancel --> cancelling / Travel --> Travelling.

4- Verbs ending in 'C' --> add -king to infinitive form.
f.e - panic --> Panicking / mimic --> mimicking