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Flashcards in Insulins & Lab values Deck (29):
0

Rapid acting insulins

Lispro (humalog)
Aspart (novolog)
Glulisine (apidra)

1

Short acting insulins

Regular (Humulin R, Novolin R, ReliOn R)

2

Intermediate-acting insulins

NPH (Humulin N, Novolin N , ReliOn N)

3

Long-acting insulins

glargine ( Lantus)
detemir (Levemir)

4

Rapid-acting onset, peak, duration

Onset: 15 min
Peak: 60-90 min
Duration: 3-4hr

5

Short-acting onset, peak, duration

Onset: 1/2-1 hr
Peak:2-3 hr
Duration:3-6 hr

6

Intermediate acting onset, peak, duration

Onset: 2-4 hr
Peak:4-10 hr
Duration: 10-16 hr

7

Long-acting onset , peak, duration

Onset: 1-2 hr
Peak: no pronounced peak
Duration: 24+ hr

8

Albumin

3.4 - 5

9

Bilirubin

< 1.5

10

Ammonia

10 - 80

11

Hematocrit

35 - 52%

12

Hemoglobin

12 - 16

13

WBC

4500 - 11,000

14

Creatinine

0.6 - 1.3

15

BUN

8 - 25

16

T 3

80 - 230

17

T 4

5 - 12

18

urine specific gravity

1.016 - 1.022

19

amylase

60-120

20

lipase

0-160

21

Hepatitis A

Route- Fecal-oral, parenteral, sexual
Severity- Mild
Prophylaxis- Hygiene, immune serum globulin, HAV vaccine, Twinrix

22

Hepatitis B

Route- Parenteral, sexual
Severity- Severe, may be prolonged or chronic
Prophylaxis- Hygiene, HBV vaccine, Twinrix

23

Hepatitis C

Route- Parenteral
Severity- Mild to Severe
Prophylaxis- Hygiene, screening blood, interferon-alpha

24

Hepatitis D

Route- Parenteral, fecal-oral, sexual
Severity- Severe
Prophylaxis- Hygiene, HBV vaccine

25

Hepatitis E

Route- Fecal-oral
Severity- Severe in pregnant women
Prophylaxis- Hygiene, safe water

26

Labs for pancreatitis

Decreased- Calcium, Potassium, Albumin
Increased- amylase, lipase, WBCs, Glucose, Bilirubin, AST, LDH, Alkaline phosphatase.

27

Common symptoms of pancreatitis

severe abdominal pain (radiating to back), nausea, vomiting, fever, dehydration, abdominal guarding, distention, Grey Turner's sign, Cullen's sign

28

Causes of Acute Pancreatitis

Biliary disease (Gallstones, common bile duct obstruction)
Alcohol
Traumatic injury