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Flashcards in integumentary Deck (28)
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1

full thickness burns (3rd degree)

white/brown, dry, leathery, painless, no blanching

2

superficial(1st degree)

red, dry, painful

3

superficial partial thickness ( 2nd degree)

red, clear blisters, moist, painful, blanches

4

deep partial thickness ( 2nd degree)

red and white, bloody blisters, moist, painful, less blanching

5

4th degree burns

black, eschar, dry, painless, no blanching

6

S&S of inhalation injury

stridor
dyspnea
singed nasal hair
soot in sputum
facial burns
wheezing

7

spider angioma

is form of telangiectasia or dilated capillaries found on the skin. These lesions are benign and can be removed via laser treatment

8

which disease has a negative impact on wound healing?

PVD causes a decrease in blood supply and therefore oxygen to the extremities. this results in poor wound healing

9

how can reduce pruritus and burning in a client with contact dermatitis

cool and wet sressing

10

skin graft sits should be immobilized to promote adherence and healing

for the first 3-7 days

11

herpes zoster (shingles) diagnosis test

microscopic smear test

12

malignant melanoma

is frequently metastasize and are deadly

13

cellutitis is caused by

streptococcus pyogenes & can also be caused by straphylococcus.

14

primary lesion present in acne vulgaris

papules
nodules
cysts

15

psoriasis

is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by hypersensitivity of the the immune system

lesion are red with white scales, and on the extensor surfaces of joints

16

typical signs of cellulitus

an area that is red, hot, swollen, tender/painful

17

candidiasis adheres to the

adheres to the tissue when scaped

can occur on tongue, genitalia and anus

18

scabies is spread from person to person therefore

all family member should be treated

19

stage 1 pressure ucler

skin intact, red, non-blanching, warm, painful

20

stage 2 pressure ucler

skin is not intact, loss of edema occurs, pink/red, open wound, shallow

21

stage 3 pressure ucler

full thickness loss, extends into the dermis and subcutaneous tissues. slough and tunneling may be present

22

stage 4 pressure ucler

full thickness skin loss, exposed bone, tendon, or muscle, slough or escar and tunneling

23

shingles are present as

vesicles along dermatomal lines, ususally on the trunk, thorax, or face.

after chick pox as resolved, the virus becomes latent in the spinal cord. when the virus becomes active, it travels down the nerve axons, causing lesions in that region of the nerve

24

impetigo most commonly occurs on

the face and around the mouth. it also can appear on the extremities, hands and neck

25

contact dermatitis

is a infalmamtory response to irritants or allergen such as harsh soaps, chemicals, posion ivy and meds

26

shingles is spread by

direct contact with the rash or lesions.

a person with no prior exposure or immunity will most likely develop chickenpox, but not immediately develop shingles if at all

a person is not infectious b4 the appearance of lesions

individuals who have already had chickenpox cannot contract the herpes zoster virus because they already have it. the virus becomes latent in the spinal nerves

27

scabies is a parasitic skin infection that is presents

as red papules/pustules with brown, thread-like, linear burrows

28

a benign mole is usually

circular, flat, brown and unifrom