Integumentary Flashcards Preview

Language of Medicine > Integumentary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Integumentary Deck (75):
1

adipose

pertaining to fat

2

albinism

white condition

3

anhidrosis

condition of not producing sweat

4

basal layer

deepest region of the epidermis

5

dermis

middle layer of skin

6

epidermis

outermost layer of skin

7

follicle

sac within which each hair grows

8

keratin

hard protein of epidermis, nails, and hair

9

melanin

skin pigment

10

pore

tiny opening on the surface of skin

11

sebaceous gland

oil-secreting gland near hair follicles

12

sebum

the oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands

13

subcutaneous layer

innermost layer of skin, contains fat tissue

14

albin/o

white

15

anthrac/o

black (coal)

16

chlor/o

green

17

cirrh/o

yellow

18

cyan/o

blue

19

eosin/o

rosy

20

erythr/o

red

21

jaund/o

yellow

22

leuk/o

white

23

lute/o

yellow

24

melan/o

black

25

poli/o

gray

26

xanth/o

yellow

27

caus/o

burn

28

cauter/o

heat, to burn

29

diaphor/o

sweating

30

kerat/o

hard

31

myc/o

fungus

32

onych/o

nail

33

phyt/o

plant

34

pil/o

hair

35

py/o

pus

36

rhytid/o

wrinkle

37

seb/o

sebum

38

squam/o

scale-like

39

steat/o

fat

40

trich/o

hair

41

ungu/o

nail

42

xer/o

dry

43

crust

collection of dried serum and cellular debris

44

cyst

thick-walled, closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material

45

erosion

wearing away or loss of epidermis

46

fissure

groove or crack-like sore

47

macule

flat lesion measuring less than 1 cm diameter

48

nodule

solid, round, or oval elevated lesion 1 cm or more in diameter

49

papule

small (less than 1cm) solid elevation of the skin

50

polyp

growth extending from the surface of mucous membrane

51

pustule

papule containing pus

52

ulcer

open sore on the skin or mucous membrane (deeper than an erosion)

53

vesicle

small collection (papule) of clear fluid (serum); blister

54

wheal

smooth, swollen papule that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin

55

alopecia

absence of hair from areas where it normally grows

56

ecchymosis

bruising of the skin

57

petechiae

small, pinpoint hemorrhage

58

pruritus

itching

59

acne

chronic papular and pustular eruption of the skin with increased production of sebum

60

burn

injury to tissue caused by heat contact

61

first-degree burn

superficial burn
injury to epidermis only
redness, tenderness, no blisters

62

second-degree burn

partial-thickness burn
injury to epidermis and dermis
redness, deeper lesions, blisters, tenderness

63

third-degree burns

full-thickness burn
destruction injury to epidermis, dermis, and damage to subcutaneous tissue
leaves charred white tissue

64

cellulitis

diffuse, acute infection of skin
local heat, redness, pain, swelling

65

eczema

inflammatory skin disease with erythematous, papulovesicular, or papulosquamous lesions

66

gangrene

death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply

67

scabies

contagious, parasitic infection of the skin
intense pruritis

68

tinea

fungal infection of skin

69

urticaria

hives
acute allergic reaction in which red round wheals develop on skin

70

callus

increased growth of keratin cells, caused by pressure or friction

71

keloid

excess, hypertrophied thickened scar

72

keratosis

thickened and rough lesion of epidermis

73

nevus

pigmented lesion of skin (mole)

74

verruca

epidermal growth (wart) caused by virus

75

adipocyte

fat cell