Digestive Flashcards Preview

Language of Medicine > Digestive > Flashcards

Flashcards in Digestive Deck (84):
1

append/o

appendix

2

appendic/o

appendix

3

bucc/o

cheek

4

cec/o

cecum

5

celi/o

belly, abdomen

6

cheil/o

lip

7

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

8

choledoch/o

common bile duct

9

col/o

colon

10

dent/i

tooth

11

duoden/o

duodenum

12

enter/o

intestines

13

esophag/o

esophagus

14

faci/o

face

15

gastr/o

stomach

16

gingiv/o

gums

17

gloss/o

tongue

18

hepat/o

liver

19

ile/o

ileum

20

jejun/o

jejunum

21

labi/o

lip

22

lapar/o

abdomen

23

lingu/o

tongue

24

mandibul/o

mandible, lower jaw

25

odont/o

tooth

26

or/o

mouth

27

palat/o

palate

28

pancreat/o

pancreas

29

peritone/o

peritoneum

30

pharyng/o

throat

31

proct/o

anus and rectum

32

pylor/o

pyloric sphincter

33

rect/o

rectum

34

sialaden/o

salivary gland

35

sial/o

saliva

36

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

37

stomat/o

mouth

38

uvul/o

uvula

39

amyl/o

starch

40

bil/i

gall, bile

41

bilirubin/o

bilirubin (bile pigment)

42

chol/e

gall, bile

43

gluc/o

sugar

44

glyc/o

sugar

45

glycogen/o

glycogen, animal starch

46

lip/o

fat, lipid

47

lith/o

stone

48

prote/o

protein

49

py/o

pus

50

steat/o

fat

51

-ase

enzyme

52

-chezia

defecation, elimination of waste

53

-iasis

abnormal condition

54

-prandial

meal

55

-ectasis, -ectasia

dilation, widening

56

-emesis

vomiting

57

-pepsia

digestion

58

-phagia

eating, swallowing

59

-plasty

surgical repair

60

-ptysis

spitting

61

-rrhage, -rrhagia

bursting forth (of blood)

62

-rrhaphy

suture

63

-rrhea

flow, discharge

64

-spasm

involuntary contraction of muscles

65

-stasis

stopping, controlling

66

-stenosis

narrowing, tightening

67

-tresia

opening

68

occult

hidden

69

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

70

parenteral nutrition

IV nutrition, directly into bloodstream, not involving intestines

71

anorexia

lack of appetite

72

anorexia nervosa

loss of appetite associated with emotional problems, eating disorder

73

ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

74

borborygmus

rumbles and gurgles produced by moving gas and/or fluid in GI tract

75

dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

76

eructation

belching

77

flatus

"passing gas"

78

hematochezia

passing bright red blood in stool

79

melena

black, tarry stools, containing digested blood

80

hernia

protrusion of part of an organ through the muscles normally containing it

81

cholelithiasis

gallstones in the gallbladder

82

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver, caused by virus

83

cholangiography

x-ray of biliary system with contrast

84

an/o

anus