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Language of Medicine > BIG Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in BIG Terms Deck (127):
1

Gastrotomy

Incision of the stomach

2

Hepatitis

Inflammation of the liver

3

Ophthalmoscope

Instrument used to view the eye

4

Otology

Study of the ear

5

Rhinoplasty

Surgical formation of the nose

6

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy

Viewing of esophagus, stomach, and duodenum

7

Gastroenteritis

Inflammation of the stomach and intestines

8

Endocarditis

Inflammation of the inner layer of the heart

9

Cephalalgia

Pain in the head, headache

10

Cystocele

Herniation of the bladder

11

Cardiodynia

Pain in the heart

12

Hyperlipidemia

Blood condition of excessive fats

13

Agastria

Condition of having no stomach

14

Chondromalacia

Softening of the cartilage

15

Splenomegaly

Enlargement of the spleen

16

Osteoma

Tumor of a bone

17

Psychosis

Abnormal condition of the mind

18

Gastropathy

Disease of the stomach

19

Hysteroptosis

Prolapse of the uterus

20

Hemorrhage

Bursting forth of blood

21

Otorrhea

Discharge from the ear

22

Cystorrhexis

Rupture of the bladder

23

Arteriosclerosis

Abnormal condition of hardening of an artery

24

Tracheostenosis

Abnormal condition of narrowing of the trachea or windpipe

25

Amniocentesis

Surgical puncture of the inner fetal sac (amnion)

26

Arthrodesis

Binding of a joint

27

Tonsillectomy

Cutting out the tonsils

28

Mammography

Recording the breast

29

Spirometry

Measuring breathing

30

Biopsy

Viewing living tissue

31

Patellapexy

Suspension (affixing in place) of the kneecap

32

Splenorrhaphy

Suturing the spleen

33

Colostomy

Making a new opening in the colon (large intestine)

34

Osteotomy

Incision into bone

35

Lithotripsy

Crushing of stones

36

Electrocardiograph

Instrument to record electrical activity of the heart

37

Thermometer

Instrument to measure temperature

38

Ophthalmoscope

Instrument to view the eye

39

Osteotome

Instrument to cut bone

40

Lithotripter

Machine to crush stones

41

Lithotrite

Instrument to crush stones

42

Apneic

Pertaining to not breathing

43

Anophthalmia

Condition of not having an eye

44

Anteversion

Process of turning forward

45

Antibacterial

Pertaining to against bacteria

46

Dystrophy

Process of abnormal nourishment

47

Endoscopy

Viewing within

48

Epigastric

Pertaining to above the stomach

49

Hyperglycemia

Blood condition of excessive sugar

50

Hypoglossal

Pertaining to below the tongue

51

Intervertebral

Pertaining to between the backbones

52

Intramuscular

Pertaining to within the muscle

53

Neonatal

Pertaining to a newborn

54

Parotid

Pertaining to near the ear

55

Paraphilia

Condition of abnormal attraction

56

Percutaneous

Pertaining to through the skin

57

Pericardium

Structure surrounding the heart

58

Polyneuritis

Inflammation of many nerves

59

Postnatal

Pertaining to after birth

60

Prenatal

Pertaining to before birth

61

Subhepatic

Pertaining to under the liver

62

Transurethral

Pertaining to through the liver

63

Arthralgia

Joint pain

64

Cytology

Study of cells

65

Histology

Study of tissues

66

Anatomy

Cutting apart

67

Pathology

Study of disease

68

Necropsy

Process of viewing dead tissue

69

Buccal

Pertaining to the cheek

70

Cephalic

Pertaining to the head

71

Cervical

Pertaining to the neck

72

Cranial

Pertaining to the skull

73

Facial

Pertaining to the face

74

Frontal

Pertaining to the front

75

Mental

Pertaining to the chin

Pertaining to the mind

76

Nasal

Pertaining to the nose

77

Ocular

Pertaining to the eye

78

Oral

Pertaining to the mouth

79

Otic

Pertaining to the ear

80

Axillary

Pertaining to the armpit

81

Deltoid

Pertaining to the deltoid muscle

82

Inguinal

Pertaining to the groin

83

Mammary

Pertaining to the breast

84

Pelvic

Pertaining to the pelvis

85

Pubic

Pertaining to the pubis

86

Sternal

Pertaining to the sternum

87

Thoracic

Pertaining to the chest

88

Umbilical

Pertaining to the navel

89

Antecubital

Pertaining to in front of the elbow

90

Brachial

Pertaining to the arm

91

Carpal

Pertaining to the wrist

92

Crural

Pertaining to the leg

93

Digital

Pertaining to a finger or toe

94

Phalangeal

Pertaining to the bones in fingers/toes

95

Femoral

Pertaining to the thigh

96

Manual

Pertaining to the hand

97

Palmar

Pertaining to the palm

98

Patellar

Pertaining to the kneecap

99

Pedal

Pertaining to the foot

100

Plantar

Pertaining to the sole of the foot

101

Tarsal

Pertaining to the ankle

102

Dorsal

Pertaining to the back

103

Gluteal

Pertaining to the buttocks

104

Lumbar

Pertaining to the lower back

105

Nuchal

Pertaining to the neck

106

Olecranal

Pertaining to the elbow

107

Perineal

Pertaining to the perineum

108

Popliteal

Pertaining to the back of the knee

109

Sacral

Pertaining to the sacrum

110

Sural

Pertaining to the calf

111

Vertebral

Pertaining to the spine

112

Ipsilateral

Pertaining to the same side

113

Contralateral

Pertaining to the opposite side

114

Proximal

Pertaining to near the origin

115

Distal

Pertaining to far from the origin

116

Dextrad

Toward the right

117

Sinistrad

Toward the left

118

Cephalad

Toward the head

119

Caudad

Toward the tail

120

Afferent

Pertaining to carrying toward a structure

121

Efferent

Pertaining to carrying away from a structure

122

Supine

Lying on one's back

123

Prone

Lying on one's belly

124

Foramen

Opening or hole

125

Humeroulnar

Pertaining to the area where the humerus and the ulna meet

126

Cervicothoracic

Pertaining to the space between C7 and T1 vertebrae

127

Interphalangeal

Pertaining to the joints between the ends of the finger/toe bones