Integumentary Pathology Flashcards Preview

NPTE Integumentary System > Integumentary Pathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Integumentary Pathology Deck (23)
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1

What is cellulitis?

Fast spreading inflammation caused by bacterial infection of the skin

2

List 5 signs and symptoms of cellulitis.

Localized redness
Warm/hot skin
Local abscess or ulceration
Tenderness to palpation
Chills, fever, and malaise

3

How is cellulitis treated?

Systemic antibiotics

4

What is contact dermatitis?

Superficial irritation of the skin caused by localized irritation (poison ivy, soap, latex, jewelry sensitivity)

5

List 3 signs and symptoms of contact dermatitis.

Intense itching
Burning
Red skin

6

How is contact dermatitis treated?

Removal of source of irritation
Topical steroidal agents

7

What is eczema?

A group of skin disorders that cause chronic skin inflammation due to immune system abnormalities

8

What are the typical signs and sxs of eczema?

Red or gray itchy skin plaques

9

How is eczema treated?

Oral or topical corticosteroids/antibiotics

10

What is dry gangrene?

Loss of vascular supply resulting in tissue death that is typically painless

11

What are signs and symptoms of dry gangrene?

Dark brown or black nonviable tissue that eventually becomes a hardened mass

12

What is wet gangrene?

Tissue death associated with bacterial infection

13

What are 4 signs and symptoms of wet gangrene?

Swelling and pain at site of infection
Change in skin color from red to brown to black
Blisters that produce pus
Fever and general malaise

14

How is wet gangrene treated? (3)

Surgical debridement
Intravenous antibiotic treatment
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy

15

What is onychomycosis?

Fungal infection that primarily effects the finger nails and toes nails

16

What are 3 signs and symptoms of onychomycosis?

Yellow or brown nail discoloration
Hyperkeratosis
Hypertrophy of the nail causing it to partially detach from the nail bed

17

How is onychomycosis treated?

Manual debridement of the nail
Antifungal medications

18

What is plaque psoriasis?

Chronic autoimmune disease that causes accelerated rate of skin cell growth leading to raised red patches on the surface of the skin

19

What are signs and symptoms of psoriasis?

Red raised blotches of skin that typically present in a bilateral fashion

20

How is plaque psoriasis treated? (2)

Phototherapy
Systemic topical agents

21

What is tinea pedis?

Athlete's foot
Superficial fungal infection which causes epidermal thickening and a scaly skin appearance

22

What are signs and symptoms of tinea pedis? (5)

Itching
Redness
Peeling skin between toes
Pain
Odor

23

How is tinea pedis treated?

Topical or oral antibiotics