Flashcards in Integumentary Pathology Deck (23)
What is cellulitis?
Fast spreading inflammation caused by bacterial infection of the skin
List 5 signs and symptoms of cellulitis.
Local abscess or ulceration
Tenderness to palpation
Chills, fever, and malaise
How is cellulitis treated?
What is contact dermatitis?
Superficial irritation of the skin caused by localized irritation (poison ivy, soap, latex, jewelry sensitivity)
List 3 signs and symptoms of contact dermatitis.
How is contact dermatitis treated?
Removal of source of irritation
Topical steroidal agents
What is eczema?
A group of skin disorders that cause chronic skin inflammation due to immune system abnormalities
What are the typical signs and sxs of eczema?
Red or gray itchy skin plaques
How is eczema treated?
Oral or topical corticosteroids/antibiotics
What is dry gangrene?
Loss of vascular supply resulting in tissue death that is typically painless
What are signs and symptoms of dry gangrene?
Dark brown or black nonviable tissue that eventually becomes a hardened mass
What is wet gangrene?
Tissue death associated with bacterial infection
What are 4 signs and symptoms of wet gangrene?
Swelling and pain at site of infection
Change in skin color from red to brown to black
Blisters that produce pus
Fever and general malaise
How is wet gangrene treated? (3)
Intravenous antibiotic treatment
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy
What is onychomycosis?
Fungal infection that primarily effects the finger nails and toes nails
What are 3 signs and symptoms of onychomycosis?
Yellow or brown nail discoloration
Hypertrophy of the nail causing it to partially detach from the nail bed
How is onychomycosis treated?
Manual debridement of the nail
What is plaque psoriasis?
Chronic autoimmune disease that causes accelerated rate of skin cell growth leading to raised red patches on the surface of the skin
What are signs and symptoms of psoriasis?
Red raised blotches of skin that typically present in a bilateral fashion
How is plaque psoriasis treated? (2)
Systemic topical agents
What is tinea pedis?
Superficial fungal infection which causes epidermal thickening and a scaly skin appearance
What are signs and symptoms of tinea pedis? (5)
Peeling skin between toes