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Flashcards in intestines Deck (20):
1

forceful expulsion of gastric content

vomiting

2

vomiting and regurgitation are the same?

no regurgitation is passive

3

SI contains _____ in a normal animal

gas, fluid or both

4

canine cecum usually contains

gas

5

3 major parts of colon

ascending transverse descending

6

cecum well visualized in cat?

no not a distinct structure just a blind end

7

redundant colon

length of colon increased
normal variant
usually no CS

8

colon appearance variable?

yes depends on amount of feces and gas pesent

9

indications for barium study (high yield reasons)

persistent vomiting w/ unknown cause
inconclusive rads
US not availabl

10

upper GI barium study contraindications

obstruction
ingesta in stomach or bowel
perforation
prior meds that slow GI function

11

barium sulfate powder

doesn't sediment
consistent product
excellent coating of mucosa

12

when do you use an aqueous GI media

if perforation suspected, if concerned about aspiration, if endoscopy will follow immediately

13

normal transmit of barium through GI

15m - duodenum
30min - jejunum well filled
1-2h - stomach empty
6h - jejunum empty

14

ileus

intestinal obstruction

15

mechanical ileus

physical blockage

16

functional ileus

bowel is not moving

17

intestinal stacking

mechanical ileus

18

gravel sign

collection of SI foreign material due to chronic partial obstruction

19

linear foreign object

obstruction due to ingestion of linear material
bowl creeps along material creating classic appearance - bunching, plication, pleating, comma shaped gas bubbles
enlargement may not be as great as other mechanical obstructions
risk of perforation
aways check under tongue

20

2 things associated with neoplasia

apple core sign and thumb printing