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Flashcards in Peritoneal Space Deck (13):
1

inguinal hernia

common following trauma or bite wound
if bowel herniated watch for obstruction due to strangulation

2

Fat deposits

falciform ligament, greater momentum, mesentery, retroperitoneal space
provides contrast for visceral organs

3

increased fluid within the peritoneal space causes

loss/reduced intra-abdominal contrast
provides overall increased opacity

4

It is normal for puppies to have a loss of serosal detail due to lack of fat or presence of brown fat

true

5

Cats have crowding of abdominal organs which results in summation signs that can be mistaken as increased opacity lesions

true

6

carcinomatosis

seeding fo neoplastic cells on serial surfaces and fat
most common is hemangiosarcoma

7

large amounts of gas _____ serosal detail

increase

8

causes of free abdominal gas

surgery (most common)
ruptured hollow viscus
external penetrating wound
abscessation

9

where can you see free abdominal gas?

subcutaneous, behind diaphragm

10

important clinical sign of canine pancreatitis

pain

11

retroperitoneal space

space between the dorsal margin of parietal peritoneum
abdominal body wall
extra-peritoneal
contains kidneys, adrenal glands, major vessels and lymph nodes
communicates with mediastinum cranially and pelvis inlet caudally

12

retroperitoneal disease

loss of detail in this space is sign of fluid collection or inflammation
hemorrhage, urine, grass awn foreign body, penetrating wounds

13

retroperitoneal gas

often extension of pneumomediastinum
can be from penetrating wound
lateral rads in dorsal portion of abdomen
can see blood vessels in mediastinum and down through abdomen
subcutaneous emphysema