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Flashcards in Reproductive Tract Deck (25):
1

prostate disease results in

enlargement

2

clinical signs of prostatic disease

stranguria
hematuria
pyuria
tenesmus/dyschezia/ribbon stool

3

t/f complete urethral obstruction is common with prostate disease

false

4

modality of choice to evaluate prostate?

ultra sound

5

a normal canine prostate gland should not be seen or be minimally visible?

true

6

When canine prostate is enlarged...

bladder displaced cranially
mass caudal to bladder
rectum may be elevated
triangle of fat between bladder, prostate and ventral body wall

7

TF: prostate is always seen in the cat

false is essentially never seen in cat

8

Prostate is located ______ to bladder neck

caudal

9

Prostate is located _______ to the colon

dorsal

10

most common cause of prostatomegaly is

benign prostatic hypertrophy

11

prostatitis and prostatic abscessation

usually bacterial
may cause regional peritonitis and/or mild medial iliac lymphadenopathy
can be a source of discospondylitis

12

You see what appears to be a gas opacity in an enlarged prostate on a radiograph. What do you suspect?

prostatic abscess

13

Paraprostatic cysts

pedunculate, well marginated, appear cranial to urinary bladder, usually have mineralized rim
contain anechoic fluid, exhibit acoustic enhancement
can get infected and result in large abscesses

14

if a paraprostatic cyst is present and you were looking at a lateral rad, order from cranial to caudal: bladder, cyst, prostate

paraprostatic cyst - urinary bladder - prostate

15

Prostatic neoplasia

adenocarcinoma or urothelial
gland may not be enlarged
many have parenchymal mineralization
spondylitis of L5-L7 vertebral bodies is "classic" for metastasis of urogenital cancer
spondylosis also seen in this area
medial iliac lymphadenopathy

16

The best modality to evaluate the uterus is

ultrasound

17

Earliest detectable fetal mineralization in dogs is

42 days

18

Earliest detectable fetal mineralization in cats is

35 days

19

fetal heart beat detected at

23-25 days

20

diseases of. the uterus

pyometra
neoplasia
abnormal pregnancy and fetal death

21

Signs of fetal death

gas with uterus or fetus
mineralized structures do not maintain normal alignment and shape
US - lack of heart beat, organs become indistinct and hypoechoic
spalding sign

22

Spalding sign

overlap and compression of bones, especially those of skull - suggestive of fetal death

23

modality of choice to assess testes and ovaries

ultrasound

24

ovaries are located in the vicinity of the

caudal pole of the kidneys

25

polycystic ovaries can be seen as

irregular, well circumscribed masses with multiple compartments containing anechoic fluid