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Flashcards in Lower Urinary Tract Deck (15):
1

small areas where ureters and urethra open

trigone

2

wall thickness and mucosal surface of bladder can be assessed on rads?

no

3

phosphate and oxalate calculi are

radiopaque

4

cystine and urate calculi are

non-radiopaque(not radiolucent)

5

pathologic gas in bladder usually due to

glucose fermentation (diabetic)

6

positive contrast cystopgraphy

bladder rupture, confirm location of bladder, space occupying luminal mass, urachal diverticulum
can hide small lesions

7

filling defect central in all views

stone, clot
free object

8

filling defect peripheral in at least one view

wall lesion
some stones adhere to wall

9

air bubbles in bladder

at periphery

10

blood clots in bladder

in center, irregular

11

calculi in bladder

in center, regular

12

urethrogram

detect urethral obstructions or rupture
most frequently done in male dogs

13

the most narrow pat of male urethra is

prostatic urethra

14

cystitis

urinary bladder wall is thick and irregular usually at apex

15

most common urinary bladder tumor

transitional cell carcinoma
focal wall thickening, often trigone area, can be anywhere