Intracranial hemmorrhage Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Intracranial hemmorrhage Deck (12):
1

Rupture of middle meningeal artery (branch of maxillary artery)

Epidural hematoma

2

Secondary to skull fracture of temporal bone

Epidural hematoma

3

CNIII palsy
transtentorial herniation

Epidural hematoma

fixed, dilated, down & out

4

Rupture of bridging veins (slow bleed)

Subdural hematoma

5

Elderly
Alcoholics

Subdural Hematoma

6

Crescent shaped hemorrhage

Subdural Hematoma

7

"worse headache of my life"

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

8

Xanthochromic
bloody or yellow spinal tap

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

9

How do you treat subarachnoid hemorrhage

Surgical clip
Nimodipine (Dihydropyridine CCB)

10

Most commonly caused by systemic hypertension (cocaine)
also seen w/ amyloid angiopathy (recurrent lobar hemorrhagic stroke in elderly caused by anticoagulant) vasculitis neoplasm

Intraparenchymal hemorrhage

11

Rupture of Saccular (berry aneurysm)

subarachnoid hemorrhage

12

MCC site of berry aneurysm

anterior communicating and anterior cerebral artery