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Flashcards in Intro to cognitive psychology Deck (18)
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1

The study of how people perceive, learn, remember, and think about information:

Cognitive psychology

2

Understanding the world through introspection:

Rationalism

3

Understanding the world through observation

Empiricism

4

Who developed a dialectical synthesis approach where rationalism and empiricism must work together to reveal truth?

Immanuel Kant

5

Who are famous rationalists?

Plato and Rene Descartes

6

Who are famous empiricists?

Aristotle and John Locke (tabula rasa)

7

Structures of the mind can be revealed through introspection. Focuses mainly on elementary structures of sensation; sensations, images and affections

Structuralism

8

A pragmatic approach that sought to determine why people do what they do. Focus on processes of though rather than contents. Seeks to understand what people do and why they do it.

Functionalism

9

Examined how events or ideas become associated with one another. For example through contiguity, similarity, contrast and law of effect.

Associationism

10

An extreme version of associationism that focuses entirely on the association between the environment and observable behaviour:

Behaviourism

11

An anti-behavioural movement that focused upon organised, structured wholes:

Gestalt Psychology

12

Who is viewed as the founder of structuralism in Psychology?

Wilhelm Wundt

13

"The whole is more than the sup of its parts" sums up what psychological perspective?

Gestalt Psychology

14

_______ is the belief that much of human behaviour can be understood in terms of how people think.

Cognitivism

15

Who are the early antecedents of cognitive psychology?

Karl Spencer Lashley (neuroatanomy - looking inside the head), Donald Hebb ( cell assemblies), and Herbert Simon (engineering computations, serial vs parallel processing - thinking machines)

16

______ believe that knowledge is validated by its usefulness; what can you do with it? _____ are concerned not only with knowing what people do; they also want t know what we can do with our knowledge of what people do.

Pragmatists

17

What methods do cognitive psychologists use to study how people think?

experiments, psychobiological techniques, self reports, case studies, naturalistic observation, computer stimulations/ artificial intelligence

18

What are some of the key issues in Cognitive Psychology?

nature vs nurture, rationalism vs empiricism, structures vs processes, general domain vs specific domain, causal inferences vs ecological validity, applied vs basic research focus, biological vs behavioural methods