Memory: models and research methods Flashcards Preview

2006PSY > Memory: models and research methods > Flashcards

Flashcards in Memory: models and research methods Deck (37)
Loading flashcards...
1

The mechanism we use to create, maintain and retrieve information about the past:

memory

2

The means by which we retain and draw on our past experiences to use that information in the present:

memory

3

Cognitive psychologists have identified three common operations of memory:

encoding, storage and retrieval

4

What were the 2 models of memory first proposed by William James?

primary memory and secondary memory

5

_____ holds temporary information currently in use.

primary memory

6

_______ holds information permanently or at least for a very long time.

secondary memory

7

Richard Atkinson and Richard Shiffrin proposed an alternative model that conceptualised memory in terms of three memory stores:

sensory store, short-term store and long-term store

8

Capable of storing relatively limited amounts of information for very brief periods:

sensory store

9

Capable of storing information for somewhat longer periods but of relatively limited capacity as well:

short-term store

10

of very large capacity, capable of storing information for very long periods, perhaps even indefinitely:

long-term store

11

What are three methods used to study memory?

Free recall, cued recall and serial recall

12

Recall all the words you can from the list you saw previously:

free recall

13

Recall everything you can that is associated with the civil war. Participants are given a cue to facilitate recall:

cued recall

14

Recall the names of all previous presidents in order they were elected. Need to recall order as well as item names:

serial recall

15

What are the three parts of the traditional model of memory?

sensory store, short-term store and long-term store

16

An executive form of short term memory, can hold info for a few seconds to a few minutes:

working memory

17

New information dislodging old information is knows as?

retroactive interference

18

Old information is blocking new information from being remembered:

proactive interference

19

Deep processing leads to better memory, shallow processing emphasises the physical features of the stimulus. Different ways to process information lead to different strengths of memories. this is knows as what model?

Levels of processing model of memory

20

What are the three levels of processing?

physical, phonological and semantic

21

Visually apparent features of the letters:

physical

22

Sound combinations with the letters (e.g. rhyming)

phonological

23

Meaning of the word:

semantic

24

What are the three parts of Tulving's multiple-memory systems model?

Semantic memory, episodic memory, and procedural memory

25

Memory for general knowledge, facts, definitions and historical dates:

semantic memory

26

Event memories (first kiss, 6th Birthday)

episodic memory

27

Memories on how to do something (skiing, biking, tying your shoe)

procedural memory

28

What are three types of long term memory?

Explicit memory, implicit memory and procedural memory

29

Episodic and semantic are part of what type of long term memory?

Explicit

30

Priming and word fragment completion is part of what type of long term memory?

Implicit memory