Intro to neuro Flashcards Preview

Ocular Disease III > Intro to neuro > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro to neuro Deck (20):
1

What are potential sites of neurologic disease

1. brain
2. spinal cord
3. cranial nerves
4. peripheral nerves
5. neuromuscular junction
6. muscles

2

which cranial nerves are related to the eye

2-8

3

what is the order of the neurons going back to the visual cortex

first and second order neurons in the retina (PR and BP cells)--> third neuron (optic nerve, chiasm, optic tract) --> fourth neuron (optic radiations, and visual cortex)

4

what are some signs of a "sudden" attack

1. ischemia
2. inflammation
3. infectious

5

what are some signs of a gradual attack

1. compressive
2. inherited
3. degenerative

6

where do CN 3 and 6 meet?

cavernous sinus

7

vision loss with fever=

infectious or arteritic

8

vision loss with pain =

ischemic or demyelinating

9

vision loss & can't control bladder =

MS

10

what are ex of affarent dysfunction

vision loss, VF loss, RAPD

11

what are ex of efferent dysfunction

diplopia, pupillary abnormality, ptosis, muscles of facial expression, EOMS

12

transient =

elevated ICP, vascular

13

worsens over period, then plateaus =

inflammatory and vascular

14

acute loss with little recovery =

ischemic

15

gradual worsening =

compressive or degenerative

16

what are some questions to ask about details of birth

1. length of gestation
2. birth weight
3. apgar scores

17

what are some things to ask about developmental history

milestones in cognitive, motor and language function.

18

if older patients have an APD what is it usually indicative of?

ischemic event

19

T/F If both pupils are shot equally, you will not see an APD

true

20

the optic nerve is supplied by short posterior ciliary _____, which branch from the _____artery.

artery; ophthalmic