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Flashcards in Introduction Deck (63)
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1

Regional anatomy

The organization of the body into parts

Head
Neck
Trunk
Thorax
Abs
Pelvis/perineum
Back
Upper and lower limbs

2

Systemic anatomy

Organized by organ systems

Skeletal (osteology)
Articular (arthrology)
Muscular (myology)
Nervous (neurology)

3

Anatomical position

Head and toes face forward
Upper limbs at sides palms face anteriorly
Lower limbs close and parallel toes face anterior

4

Anatomical planes

Median - right and left halves
Sagittal - parallel to median
Frontal (coronal) - anterior posterior
Transverse - upper (superior) and lower (inferior)

5

Terms of laterality

Bilateral - paired structures having right and left sides

Unilateral - occurring on only one side

Ipsilateral - occurring on the same side of the body

Contralateral - occurring on the opposite side of the body

6

Skeletal system two main parts

Axial
- the head neck and trunk (ribs sternum vertebrae and sacrum)

Appendicular
- limbs and shoulder/pelvic girdles

7

Bones importance

Living connective tissue
Protection
Support
Movement
Storage for salts
Continuous supply of blood cells

8

Cartilage

Resilient
Semirigid
Avascular (no blood supply)
Connective tissue

9

Articular cartilage

Synovial joints

10

Periosteum

Bone covering

11

Perichondrium

Cartilage covering

12

Two types of bone

Compact and spongy

13

Classes of bones

Long bones
Short bones
Flat bones
Irregular bones
Sesamoid bones

14

Condyle definition

Rounded articular area

15

Crest definition

Ridge of bone

16

Epicondyle definition

Eminence superior to a condyle

17

Facet definition

Smooth flat area usually covered with cartilage where a bone articulates with another bone

18

Foramen definition

Passage through a bone

19

Fossa definition

Hollow or depression area

20

Line or linea definition

Linear elevation

21

Malleolus definition

Rounded prominence

22

Notch definition

Indentation at the edge of a bone

23

Process definition

Projecting spine like part

24

Protuberance definition

Projection of bone

25

Spine definition

Thorn like process

26

Trochanter definition

Large blunt elevation

27

Tubercle definition

Small raised eminence

28

Tuberosity definition

Large rounded elevation

29

Bone development occurs where

At epiphyseal plate

30

Joint definition

An articulation or union/junction between two or more ridged components