Flashcards in Introduction to health promotion Deck (14):
What is health promotion?
the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health
What are upstream determinants of public health?
those that are largely outside of the control of the individual and which have significant trickle down effects
What are downstream determinants of public health?
those that are more in the control of the individual but are usually as a result of upstream effects
How does the public health impact pyramid work?
as you go higher up the pyramid, the impact of the factors get smaller
What are the five tiers of the public health impact pyramid?
Counselling and education
Long lasting protective interventions
Changing the context (laws and taxes)
What are the three main current health challenges?
What are top-down authorities?
priorities set by those with power/resources to make decisions and impose ideas of what should be done
What are bottom-up authorities?
priorities set by the people themselves, identifying issues they perceive as relevant
What are the five approaches to health promotion?
What is an example of the medical/preventive approach?
What is an example of the behaviour change approach?
campaigns for healthier choices
What is an example of the empowerment approach?
What is an example of the social change approach?
changes to policy and legislation