Introduction to health promotion Flashcards Preview

Public health > Introduction to health promotion > Flashcards

Flashcards in Introduction to health promotion Deck (14):
1

What is health promotion?

the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health

2

What are upstream determinants of public health?

those that are largely outside of the control of the individual and which have significant trickle down effects

3

What are downstream determinants of public health?

those that are more in the control of the individual but are usually as a result of upstream effects

4

How does the public health impact pyramid work?

as you go higher up the pyramid, the impact of the factors get smaller

5

What are the five tiers of the public health impact pyramid?

Counselling and education
Clinical interventions
Long lasting protective interventions
Changing the context (laws and taxes)
Socioeconomic factors

6

What are the three main current health challenges?

smoking
obesity
alcohol

7

What are top-down authorities?

priorities set by those with power/resources to make decisions and impose ideas of what should be done

8

What are bottom-up authorities?

priorities set by the people themselves, identifying issues they perceive as relevant

9

What are the five approaches to health promotion?

medical/preventive
behaviour change
educational
empowerment
social change

10

What is an example of the medical/preventive approach?

immunisation

11

What is an example of the behaviour change approach?

campaigns for healthier choices

12

What is an example of the empowerment approach?

counselling

13

What is an example of the social change approach?

changes to policy and legislation

14

What is an example of the educational approach?

provision of leaflets