Flashcards in Introduction to Mapping Deck (20):
What are the components of a map?
Title, legend, map border, direction symbol, a scale
What is a map?
A representation of the Earth's features drawn on a flat surface
What is a large-scale map?
A map that shows a large amount of detail of a small area (residental planning, hiking, military purposes)
What is a small-scale map?
A map that shows a small amount of detail of a large area (used when political, physical, economic info is needed)
_________ run east to west, and go up to _________ degrees.
The parallels of latitude
90 degrees N and S
_____ run north and south and go up to ______ degrees
Meridians of longitude
180 degrees E and W
What is a time zone?
A region of the Earth that has the same local time, purposed by Sir Sandford Fleming in 1876
Where do the time zones start?
Greenwich Mean Time (0 degrees longitude)
What are Canada's 6 time zones?
What are the 3 types of scales?
Written scale, linear scale, representative fraction
What is GDP (Gross Domestic Product)?
Total value of the goods and services produced within a country per capita, excluding transactions with other countries
What is absolute measure?
Type of measure that does not consider total amounts in relation to population sizes
What is relative measure?
Type of measure that considers total amounts in relation to population sizes
How could absolute measure of available cropland be misleading?
If one country has less cropland and ,ore people, then it might be less land/person. You might assume that a country with more cropland would have more land/person.
What is a political map?
- Overview of size + location of a country in a specific area
- Colours to indicate cities, provinces
What is a physical map?
- Uses colour to indicate land and water
- Has names of features, land forms
What is a topographic map?
A map that shows elevation with contour lines (isolines)
How do you know if it is a physical AND political map?
- Both info
- Borders, major cities, roads, railways, airports
____________ and ________ use colour to show feature intensity
Distribution and graduated colour map