Introduction to Mapping Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Introduction to Mapping Deck (20):
1

What are the components of a map?

Title, legend, map border, direction symbol, a scale

2

What is a map?

A representation of the Earth's features drawn on a flat surface

3

What is a large-scale map?

A map that shows a large amount of detail of a small area (residental planning, hiking, military purposes)

4

What is a small-scale map?

A map that shows a small amount of detail of a large area (used when political, physical, economic info is needed)

5

_________ run east to west, and go up to _________ degrees.

The parallels of latitude

90 degrees N and S

6

_____ run north and south and go up to ______ degrees

Meridians of longitude

180 degrees E and W

7

What is a time zone?

A region of the Earth that has the same local time, purposed by Sir Sandford Fleming in 1876

8

Where do the time zones start?

Greenwich Mean Time (0 degrees longitude)

9

What are Canada's 6 time zones?

Newfoundland
Eastern
Mountain
Central
Pacific
Atlantic

10

What are the 3 types of scales?

Written scale, linear scale, representative fraction

11

What is GDP (Gross Domestic Product)?

Total value of the goods and services produced within a country per capita, excluding transactions with other countries

12

What is absolute measure?

Type of measure that does not consider total amounts in relation to population sizes

13

What is relative measure?

Type of measure that considers total amounts in relation to population sizes

14

How could absolute measure of available cropland be misleading?

If one country has less cropland and ,ore people, then it might be less land/person. You might assume that a country with more cropland would have more land/person.

15

What is a political map?

- Overview of size + location of a country in a specific area
- Colours to indicate cities, provinces

16

What is a physical map?

- Uses colour to indicate land and water
- Has names of features, land forms

17

What is a topographic map?

A map that shows elevation with contour lines (isolines)

18

How do you know if it is a physical AND political map?

- Both info
- Borders, major cities, roads, railways, airports

19

____________ and ________ use colour to show feature intensity

Distribution and graduated colour map

20

What are isoline maps?

Maps that use lines to show areas of equal quality (air pressure = isobar, temperature = isotherm, elevation = contour line)