Flashcards in Urban Deck (32):
What is a metropolitan area?
A large city (more than 100 000 people) and the attached urban areas not directly part of the city
What is a city?
Group of more than 10 000 people
What is considered urban?
More than 1000 people living together in a city or town
How do cities start?
1. As transportation stop areas
2. As a central place for providing markets and services
3. As a special function city built around a specific industry
Where do cities form?
1. Transport routes (with water)
2. Flat land
3. Close to some industry
What is urbanization?
Increase in population density and expansion of urban functions
What are factors that influence rural settlement?
2. Transportation (settlement occurs near roads)
3. Role played by government policy (Some areas settle with gov input, others settled based on a survey system - a set of rules that controls how a land will be settled)
What are some historical types of rural settlement?
Long lots of Southern Quebec, Concession System of Southern Ontario, Section System of Southern Praries
Why are rural places so scattered?
The presence of resources, or they can earn a living by providing services to passerbys
What is rural depopulation?
The decline in population in rural areas and small communities
What is a hamlet?
A small settlement in a rural area, not governed by its local municipal corporation
What is a village?
Clustered community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town. Often in rural areas (population goes from 100s to few 1000s)
What is a town?
Human settlement larger than a village but smaller than a city
What % of urban land is residential land?
What % of urban land is transportation?
What % of urban land is commercial land?
What % of urban land is industrial land?
What % of urban land is institutional land?
What % of urban land is open space?
What are basic industries?
Industries that provides community services to outside cities and brings money to provide economic growth
What are non-basic industries?
Don't generate new money from outside the community (recycles the money)
What are low order goods?
Low prices, people buy frequently (bakery, butcher, news agent)
What are middle order goods?
Medium priced, occasionally bought - but need a larger threshold population (doctor)
What are high order goods?
Expensive, purchased infrequently, needs large population to work (furniture shops, electronic shops, hospitals, travel agents)
Do land use patterns develop by change?
No, there are people deciding what type of home to live in, what kind of government to have, where to work
What are factors affecting land use patterns?
Land value, zoning, technology, climate
What are some examples of Institutional & Public Buildings?
Schools, hospitals, government, churches, police + fire stations
What are some examples of Open Space & Recreational Land?
Parks, playgrounds, fields, gold courses, community arenas
What are the types of Industrial land uses?
Suburban business parks. suburban industrial parks, ribbon industries, CBD industries
What are the types of commercial land uses?
Local service centres, neighbourhood plazas & ribbons, community malls, power centres, regional malls
What are the 3 types of residential land uses?
Low + medium + high density homes