Introduction to social psychology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Introduction to social psychology Deck (13):
1

define: social psych

scientific study of how people influence the behaviour, beliefs and attitudes of others

2

max number people closely associate with?

150

3

we are only __ steps away from another person

6

4

define: social facilitation

performance improves around others, especially when task is easy

5

define: social disruption/interference

performence worsens in front of others, especially when the task is difficult

6

social facilitation/disruption experiment?

• IV: easy or difficult maze
• DV: performance
• Research consistent with social facilitation/disruption theory

7

define upwards comparison

comparing ourselves with people superior to us

8

define downwards comparison; active and passive

comparing ourselves with people inferior to us
o Active: comparing with someone worse off
o Passive: demeaning others and causing harm

9

define: attribution

assigning causes of behaviour

10

define: internal attribution

behaviour explained due to personal factors/disposition

11

define: external attribution

behaviour explained due to situational factors

12

define: fundamental attribution error

tendency to explain the behaviour of others based on internal rather than external attribution

13

define: actor-observer effect

tendency to explain behaviour of others based on internal attribution, but our own on external attribution