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Flashcards in aggression Deck (12):
1

what is aggression?

behaviour intended to harm others (physical, verbal or mental)

2

two types of aggression?

hostile/impulsive aggression
instrumental aggression

3

define: hostile/impulsive aggression

: violent attitudes/actions, behaviour that cannot be controlled and is aimed at hurting others

4

define: instrumental aggression

aggressive behaviour to achieve a goal

5

does increased temperature increase aggression?

yes

6

describe frustration aggression hypothesis

frustration can produce a readiness for aggression, and vice versa

7

frustration aggression hypothesis experiment?

Young children in a room with toys
Half were not allowed to play with them at first but were later allowed to play
The other half could play with them

8

describe excitation transfer model

arousal transfers from one situation to another and promotes the likelihood of aggression

9

describe excitation transfer model experiment - Baron and Richardson 1994

• Jogger comes home and is provoked by a neighbour.
• Jogger’s heart rate and breathing is already increased due to the workout; but the jogger attributes arousal to the neighbour and therefore responds aggressively

10

personality traits leading to increased aggression?

irritability, mistrust, impulsivity, lack of closeness

11

sex differences in aggression?

direct/physical vs relational (silent treatment, gossip)

12

cultural differences in aggression?

more likely in Western rather than Eastern, cultures of honour (social norm to defend one’s reputation in the face of perceived insults)