Islamic Ethics - Crime and Punishment Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Islamic Ethics - Crime and Punishment Deck (37):
1

What are the 6 elements of life?

belief
honour of women
alert mind
property
life
family

2

what does belief mean in the 6 elements of life?

no muslim is allowed to leaver their faith and no one should slander their faith.

3

what are examples of going against belief

destroying the Qur'an (as it is the words of Allah) , rejection of Islam and Shirk like speaking against Allah or drawing Allah

4

What does honour of women mean?

protect them from being harmed, slandered of degraded in any way

5

what are examples of going against honour of women

domestic abuse, rape, false accusations etc etc

6

What does alert mind mean?

someone that is control of their own mind and is therefore taqwa

7

what is an example of going against Alert mind

drinking alcohol or taking drugs

8

What does property mean

to protect peoples belongings

9

what is an example of going against property

theft

10

what does it mean by life?

the importance. there may be severe punishment for someone who takes a life

11

wha is an example of going against life

to kill a life that 'allah has made sacred' as it is shirk for taking a life that Allah did not chose

12

What does it mean by family

to support the family and guarantee identity by forbidding sexual relations outside of marriage

13

what is example of going against family

fornication/ adultery (ZINA)

14

what are the four types of crimes

Hadud
Forgivable
Community crimes
Against State Law

15

What is Al-lynayaat?

forgivable crimes

16

What is Al Ta'azir?

Community crimes

17

What is Al-Mukhalafat?

going against state law

18

What are hadud crimes?

fornicatation/adultery
false accusation saying she committed adultery
drinking alcohol/ taking drugs
rebellion against the state
rejection of Islam by muslims
Highway robbery
theft

19

what are Al-lynayaat (forgivable) crimes?

crimes against the right go the individual who can either demand severe punishment as retribution or forgive them and accept 'blood money' in return for a lighter sentence

20

what are examples of Al-lynayaat crimes?

bodily harm
murder (of which the victims family will decide)

21

What are Al Ta'azir (community) crimes?

where it affects the community that aren't covered in Al-lynayaat crimes. the judge will give punishments based on his learnings of islamic text

22

what are examples of Al Ta'azir crimes?

fraud
antisocial behaviour

23

What are Al-Mukhalafat (state law) crimes?

crimes against a law the state has enacted where the judge will dicing his discretion and learning in deciding upon punishment

24

What are examples of Al-Mukhalalfat crimes?

breaking the speed limit
illegal parking

25

what crimes do you need to remember

hadud crimes
Al-lynayaat (forgivable) crimes

26

What are the 4 aims of punishment

deterrence
retribution
reform
protection

27

what is capital punishment

where they offer the death penalty

28

what is corporal punishment

where they offer physical punishment

29

How does the Shari'ah law show deterrence?

corporal and capital countries will usually give public punishments where large crowds can gather round.

30

those guilty of adultery, 'flog each of them with a hundred stripes...

... and let a party of believers witness their punishment'

31

How does the Shariah law show protection?

serious offenders are taken out of society and put into prison to protect the rest of society. less serious are also protected in attempt to deter them from further crimes

32

How does the Shari'ah law show reformation

The prisoners are only able to seek forgiveness and become pure, they need to show they're a better person.

33

How is the actual punishment considered a reformation?

it is perceived that that is how the criminal is deterred. In prison they're helped with coming to terms with what they have done and realise it was wrong.

34

Do Islamic countries offer parole?

no- you must serve the full sentence

35

How does the Shari'ah law offer retribution?

The punishment is designed to punish them on behalf of the victims. There is an opportunity for the wrong doer to take compensation for a lighter sentence which Allah will see this as an act of mercy.

36

'life for life, eye for eye, nose for nose...

'ear for ear, tooth for tooth and wound for wound'

37

' ...'wound for wound' but if any one remits the retaliation by war of charity...

... it is an act of atonement for himself' -Qur'an