Islamic Ethics - The Environment Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Islamic Ethics - The Environment Deck (44):
1

define ecocentric

the whole environment is interdependent

2

define anthropocentric

humans are the most important

3

define sentience

the ability to perceive (rather than act on instinct) and understanding the feeling of emotion

4

what is Kalifah?

stewardship (caretaker)

5

who is Iblis?

Lucifer (who then became Shaytan)

6

What are Muslims beliefs about allah made man in His image?

It is shirk

7

How can the 5 pillars be applied to Kalifah

Hajj - only go to Makkah once to reduce environmental impact and plant a tree
Salah- conserve on wudu

8

what are the main ideas of the creation story

that Allah made everything
we are all equal to Allah
Always submit to Allah
We have been given our sentience to be a Kalifah

9

'oh mankind! we created you from a single male and single female...

and made you into nation and tribes'

10

'Allah has made you...

custodians of the Earth'

11

'To Him belong all the things...

in the heavens and on Earth'

12

'Allahs care for his creatures...

is universal'

13

'Eat and drink but...

waste not by excess for Allah loves not the wasters'

14

'lawful auto you for food...

are all four footed animals with the exceptions named'

15

'if someone kills a sparrow for sport...

it will cry out on the Day of the Judgement 'they killed me for no good purpose'

16

'the heaven and all things...

...declare His glory'

17

what is haram food

animals that have died naturally
canivorous animals
animals slaughtered in a non islamic way
pigs
amphibians and reptiles
donkeys and horses
pets
domestic animals
pests

18

what are quran teachings about halal food

'forbidden'
'flesh of swine'
'unclean'
'transgression'

19

what is rijs

a specific term for pigs being impure and unfit for consumption

20

what are islamic teachings about blood sport

'if someone kills a sparrow for sport, it will cry out on the day of judgement. 'they killed me for no good purpose' '
prophets strictly forbade

21

what are islamic teachings to farming

'lawful unto you for food, are all four footed animals with exceptions named'
shahadah must be recited and the animals should be treated with respect. Battery farms are forbidden

22

what are islamic teachings for zoos

animals must not be caged or removed from natural habitat. would accept safari parks as it is sadaqah and kalifah

23

what are islamic teachings for pets

only domesticated animals allowed and undomesticated are only allowed if reduces as its sadaqah.

24

what are islamic teachings for animal testing

doesn't forbid it but it must only be allowed for good purposes and not luxuries. The animals life must be respected and there should be minimal suffering after all alternatives are tried first.

25

'whoever kills anything bigger than a sparrow...

without a just cause will be accountable to allah'

26

'there is no disease...

which allah has not created a cure' (animAl testing)

27

'eat and drink but not waste by excess...

for allah loves not the wasters'

28

What are the three types of food

halal
haram
Mashbooh

29

Define Tawhid

the oneness of Allah

30

Define Mizan

a scale to balance e.g good v evil

31

Define fitra

nature

32

Define Harim

the protective zone where humans are forbidden to pollute the water

33

Define Taqwa

the awareness of Allah

34

'the whole world...

is a mosque'

35

'he is Allah...

the creator, the originator, the giver of form'

36

'He created everything...

and determined them in exact proportions'

37

'Allah did not create these things...

...without a true purpose'

38

'the creations of the heavens and the earths is far greater...

than the creation of mankind. But most of mankind do not know it'

39

'it is he who appointed...

you khalifs on the earth'

40

'live in this world as if you are going to live forever...

prepare for the next world as if you were going to die tomorrow'

41

'if a muslim plants a tree or sows a seed, and then a bird, or a person, or an animal...

eats from it, it is regarded as a charitable gift (sadaqah) for him'

42

'removing harmful things from the road...

is an act of charity (sadaqah)'

43

what does muhammed say to do for your working animals on a journey

to allow it to stop and graze and if it is too hot, to make sure the journey is as short as possible

44

what happened to the prostitute once she drew out some water for the dog?

she was forgiven on account of her actions