Japan (EQ), 2011 Flashcards Preview

Unit 4 Geography > Japan (EQ), 2011 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Japan (EQ), 2011 Deck (12):
1

What made it a disaster?

Total damage cost was 309 billion USD,
Secondary impact of Tsunami caused huge damage - 217 m^2 flooding.
Tertiary impact - tsunami damaged the Fukushima nuclear power plant.
4th largest earthquake in the world.

2

Park's model - relief

worldwide aid provided from 116 countries.

3

Park's model - rehabilitation

Temporary homes set up for 1 million people.

4

Park's model - reconstruction

Estimated 50 billion USD for clear up of nuclear power-plant at Fukushima.
Labour shortages limited recovery.

5

Magnitude

9.0M

6

Level of vulnerability

They had effective EW, 58% of people in Miyagi and Fukushima moved to higher ground to escape the Tsunami. However, generally people underestimated the risks.

7

Duration

6 minutes

8

Areal extent

217 m^2 flooding and widespread soil liquefaction

9

Frequency

Many aftershocks - 7.1M being the largest.

10

Source - live science website

May not be reliable as the authors are unknown

11

Source - Guardian

Written by Liz Ford and Claire Provost on March 14, 2011

12

Park's model - pre-disaster

Residents of Tokyo received one minute of warning - EWS.
Strict building codes limited deaths.
People received text alerts and trains were stopped, 70,000 were evacuated.