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Clin Path Renal > Kidney Stones > Flashcards

Flashcards in Kidney Stones Deck (8)
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1

What are kidney stones and why are they a problem?

Stone which is made up of calcium crystals.
Because they block the ureter therefore block urine from draining out of the kidney.

2

Who is at risk of kidney stones?

Men

3

What are some risk factors of kidney stones?

- genetics
- dehydration
- excess vitamin D
- certain medications

4

How big does the kidney stone have to be in order to obstruct urine flow?

Usually bigger than 3mm

5

What causes kidney stones?

Not sure BUT
concentrated urine allows minerals to come in close contact with one and other forming a stone

6

What is renal colic?

Excruciating, intermittent pain that radiates from flank to the groin or inner thigh

7

What are some other signs and symptoms of kidney stones?

- urinary urgency
- restlessness
- hematuria ( from irritated ureter)
- sweating
- nausea
- vomiting

8

What is the prognosis of kidney stones?

80% pass on their own. But the recurrence rate is high and 50% of pts will expect another stone in 10 years.
Stone should be captured to find out the type to minimize the risk.