Glomerulonephritis Flashcards Preview

Clin Path Renal > Glomerulonephritis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Glomerulonephritis Deck (9)
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1

What is Glomerulonephritis?

Inflammation to the glomeruli (tuft of capillaries- part of the filter system) and usually affects both kidneys.

2

What is Glomerulonephritis characterized by?

Oedema,
High BP,
Blood in the urine.

3

What is Nephrotic syndrome?

Oedema, increased protein in urine, decreased protein in blood, increased fat in blood. Podocytes are damaged which increase the permeability of proteins. (this changes oncotic pressure and causes oedema)

4

What is Nephritic syndrome?

Blood in urine (damage to cells lining the glomerulus and leaking blood) and decreased amount of urine (due to hypertension)

5

Who is this disease more common in?

men

6

What causes Glomerulonephritis?

Conditions that can lead to inflammation of the kidneys' glomeruli.
Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis.
Bacterial endocarditis
HIV
Hepatitis B and C
Lupus
Goodpasture's syndrome.

7

What conditions are likely to cause scarring of the glomeruli

High BP
Diabetic kidney disease

8

What are some classic signs and symptoms of Glomerulonephritis?

- Blood in the urine (dark, rust-colored, or brown urine)
- Foamy urine (due to excess protein in the urine)
- Swelling (edema) of the face, eyes, ankles, feet, legs, or abdomen

9

What are some other signs and symptoms of Glomerulonephritis?

Symptoms may also include the following:
 Abdominal pain
 Blood in the vomit or stools
 Cough and shortness of breath
 Diarrhea
 Excessive urination/ reduced urination
 Fever
 General ill feeling, fatigue, and loss of appetite
 Joint or muscle aches