Flashcards in Glomerulonephritis Deck (9)
What is Glomerulonephritis?
Inflammation to the glomeruli (tuft of capillaries- part of the filter system) and usually affects both kidneys.
What is Glomerulonephritis characterized by?
Blood in the urine.
What is Nephrotic syndrome?
Oedema, increased protein in urine, decreased protein in blood, increased fat in blood. Podocytes are damaged which increase the permeability of proteins. (this changes oncotic pressure and causes oedema)
What is Nephritic syndrome?
Blood in urine (damage to cells lining the glomerulus and leaking blood) and decreased amount of urine (due to hypertension)
Who is this disease more common in?
What causes Glomerulonephritis?
Conditions that can lead to inflammation of the kidneys' glomeruli.
Hepatitis B and C
What conditions are likely to cause scarring of the glomeruli
Diabetic kidney disease
What are some classic signs and symptoms of Glomerulonephritis?
- Blood in the urine (dark, rust-colored, or brown urine)
- Foamy urine (due to excess protein in the urine)
- Swelling (edema) of the face, eyes, ankles, feet, legs, or abdomen