Flashcards in Knee Lab Deck (6):
1. What are the components of knee observation?
D) Gait Pattern
A) Symmetry, bruising, scaring, redness, looseness of tissue, muscle bulk and pt willingness to move.
B) Height of landmarks, Q angle, Tubercle Sulcus angle, genu valgum and varum, squinting patella, tibial torsion.
C) Genu Recurvatum, Osgoode-Shlatter, Patellar Path.
D) Antalgic gait, circumduction, knee hyperextension, walking aid.
What are the components of a swelling assessment?
2. General observation (local vs general)
3. Girth Measurement
4. Special Tests (patellar tap and brush tests)
How do you take a circumference measure for knee swelling?
1. Palpate the joint line and take measure around joint line.
2. Measure 5 and 10 cm above and below the patella.
3. Take measures.
* Always follow the same method for placing the tape measure.
How is the Brush Test performed?
1. Rub hand on medial side of knee 3-4 times.
2. Brush opposite hand down lateral side of knee.
Positive test: Bulging at medial joint line.
How is the Patellar Tap Test performed?
1. Hold the top of the patella w/ 1 hand (around top edge).
2. Gently tap w/ an index finger or 3 fingers.
Positive Test: Downward movement of the patella (i.e. moves down before making contact with femur)