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Flashcards in Knee Tests Deck (11)
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McMurray Sign

P: Clicking sound or pain in the knee joint
I: Tear of medial meniscus if positive on external rotation
Tear of lateral meniscus if positive on internal rotation
The higher the leg is raised during extension when positive is elicited, the more posterior the meniscal injury


Medical Collateral Ligement Test
AKA. Abduction Stress Test
AKA. Valgus Stress Test

P: Gapping and/or elicited pain above/at/or below joint line
I: Torn medial collateral ligament


Lateral Collateral Ligament Test
AKA. Adduciton Stress Test
AKA. Varus Stress Test

P: Gapping and/or elicited pain above/at/or below the joint line
I: Torn lateral collateral ligament


Bounce Home Test

P: Knee does not go into full extension (slight flexion remains)
I: Diffuse swelling of the knee, accumulation of fluid, due to possible torn meniscus


Drawer Test

1. Gapping > 6 mm (tibia moves posterior) when the leg is pushed
I: Torn posterior cruciate ligament
2. Gapping > 6 mm (tibia moves anterior) when the leg is pulled
I: Torn anterior cruciate ligament


Lachman Test

P: Gapping with the tibia moving away from the femur
I: Anterior cruciate ligament or posterior oblique ligament instability


Apprehension Test for the Patella

P: Apprehension, distress of facial expression, contraction of quadriceps to bring patella back in line
I: Chronic patella dislocation or pre-disposition to dislocation


Patella Femoral Grinding Test
AKA Clarke SIgn

P: Retropatellar pain and the patient is unable to hold the quadriceps contraction
I: Degenerative changes of the patellar facets and/or within the trochlear groove (chondromalacia patella)


Patella Ballottment Test

P: A floating sensation of the patella
I: A large amount of swelling in the knee


Apley Compression Test

P: Patient points to side of pain
I: Pain on medial side is medial meniscus tear. Pain on the lateral side indicates lateral meniscus tear.


Apley Distraction Test

P: Patient will point to side of pain
I: Pain on the medial side indicates medial collateral ligament tear. Pain on the lateral side indicates lateral collateral ligament tear.